open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2016)
Original papers
Published online: 2016-01-19
Submitted: 2015-03-30
Accepted: 2015-07-24
Get Citation

Falls in RAC-OST-POL Study: epidemiological study in postmenopausal women aged over 55 years

Wojciech Pluskiewicz, Piotr Adamczyk, Aleksandra Czekajło, Władysław Grzeszczak, Bogna Drozdzowska
DOI: 10.5603/EP.a2016.0015
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2016;67(2):185-189.

open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2016)
Original papers
Published online: 2016-01-19
Submitted: 2015-03-30
Accepted: 2015-07-24

Abstract

Introduction: Falls are often noted in elderly women. They may have serious clinical consequences. The aim of the study is the presentation of epidemiological data on falls in postmenopausal women.

Material and methods: A total of 978 women in mean age 65.9 ± 7.6 years from the population of Raciborz district were included. In a questionnaire the following data were gathered: falls in last 12 months, place of stay, kind of job, marital status, education, smoking, underlying diseases, and used medications.

Results: Falls occurred in 328 women (33.5%). The number of falls correlated positively with increasing age, (r = 0.13, p < 0.0001). The falls rate was not related to weight and height, but weak, significant correlation with body mass index was noted (r = 0.076, p< 0.05). Among 286 women with prior osteoporotic fracture falls were present in 40.9%, which was significantly more than the 30.4% seen in women without fracture (Chi-square test; 10.05; df = 1; p < 0.01). Falls were fewer often among women from the city of Raciborz (29.8%) than in women from the rural population (39.7%). After adjustment for age, rural stay, diabetes type 1, renal failure, rheumatoid arthritis, bronchial asthma, and depression revealed influence on falls occurrence. As was shown by logistic regression, age, rural stay, prior fracture, diabetes type 1, bronchial asthma, and depression increased the risk of fall. The cumulative number of these risk factors correlated with the number of falls (r = 0.22, p < 0.000001).

Conclusions: Falls are common among postmenopausal women, and their occurrence is modified by several factors including age, place of stay, and some co-morbidities. (Endokrynol Pol 2016; 67 (2): 185–189)

Abstract

Introduction: Falls are often noted in elderly women. They may have serious clinical consequences. The aim of the study is the presentation of epidemiological data on falls in postmenopausal women.

Material and methods: A total of 978 women in mean age 65.9 ± 7.6 years from the population of Raciborz district were included. In a questionnaire the following data were gathered: falls in last 12 months, place of stay, kind of job, marital status, education, smoking, underlying diseases, and used medications.

Results: Falls occurred in 328 women (33.5%). The number of falls correlated positively with increasing age, (r = 0.13, p < 0.0001). The falls rate was not related to weight and height, but weak, significant correlation with body mass index was noted (r = 0.076, p< 0.05). Among 286 women with prior osteoporotic fracture falls were present in 40.9%, which was significantly more than the 30.4% seen in women without fracture (Chi-square test; 10.05; df = 1; p < 0.01). Falls were fewer often among women from the city of Raciborz (29.8%) than in women from the rural population (39.7%). After adjustment for age, rural stay, diabetes type 1, renal failure, rheumatoid arthritis, bronchial asthma, and depression revealed influence on falls occurrence. As was shown by logistic regression, age, rural stay, prior fracture, diabetes type 1, bronchial asthma, and depression increased the risk of fall. The cumulative number of these risk factors correlated with the number of falls (r = 0.22, p < 0.000001).

Conclusions: Falls are common among postmenopausal women, and their occurrence is modified by several factors including age, place of stay, and some co-morbidities. (Endokrynol Pol 2016; 67 (2): 185–189)

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Keywords

epidemiology; falls; women

About this article
Title

Falls in RAC-OST-POL Study: epidemiological study in postmenopausal women aged over 55 years

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 67, No 2 (2016)

Pages

185-189

Published online

2016-01-19

DOI

10.5603/EP.a2016.0015

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2016;67(2):185-189.

Keywords

epidemiology
falls
women

Authors

Wojciech Pluskiewicz
Piotr Adamczyk
Aleksandra Czekajło
Władysław Grzeszczak
Bogna Drozdzowska

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