open access

Vol 66, No 4 (2015)
Original papers
Published online: 2015-09-01
Submitted: 2014-09-22
Accepted: 2014-12-09
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Changes in ghrelin, CCK, GLP-1, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in a hypoxia-induced anorexia rat model

Arul Joseph Duraisamy, Susovan Bayen, Supriya Saini, Alpesh Kumar Sharma, Praveen Vats, Shashi Bala Singh
DOI: 10.5603/EP.2015.0043
·
Endokrynologia Polska 2015;66(4):334-341.

open access

Vol 66, No 4 (2015)
Original papers
Published online: 2015-09-01
Submitted: 2014-09-22
Accepted: 2014-12-09

Abstract

Introduction: A high-altitude environment causes appetite loss in unacclimatised humans, leading to weight reduction. Ghrelin, cholecystokinin (CCK), and glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1), are gut hormones involved in the regulation of food intake and energy metabolism. The liver is an important site of metabolic regulation, and together with the gut it plays a role in food intake regulation. This study intends to study the timedependent changes occurring in plasma gut hormones, PPARα, PPARδ, and PGC1α, in the stomach and liver during hypoxia.

Material and methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to hypobaric hypoxia in a decompression chamber at 7620 m for different durations up to seven days.

Results: Hypoxia increased circulating ghrelin from the third day onwards while CCK and GLP-1 decreased immediately. An increase in ghrelin, ghrelin receptor protein levels, and GOAT mRNA levels in the stomach was observed. Stomach cholecystokinin receptor (CCKAR), PPARα, and PPARδ decreased. Liver CCKAR decreased during the first day of hypoxia and returned to normal levels from the third day onwards. PPARα and PGC1α expression increased while PPARδ protein levels reduced in the liver on third day.

Conclusion: Hypoxia alters the expression of ghrelin and ghrelin receptor in the stomach, CCKAR in the liver, and PPAR and its cofactors, which might be possible role players in the contribution of gut and liver to anorexia at high altitude. (Endokrynol Pol 2015; 66 (4): 334–341)

Abstract

Introduction: A high-altitude environment causes appetite loss in unacclimatised humans, leading to weight reduction. Ghrelin, cholecystokinin (CCK), and glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1), are gut hormones involved in the regulation of food intake and energy metabolism. The liver is an important site of metabolic regulation, and together with the gut it plays a role in food intake regulation. This study intends to study the timedependent changes occurring in plasma gut hormones, PPARα, PPARδ, and PGC1α, in the stomach and liver during hypoxia.

Material and methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to hypobaric hypoxia in a decompression chamber at 7620 m for different durations up to seven days.

Results: Hypoxia increased circulating ghrelin from the third day onwards while CCK and GLP-1 decreased immediately. An increase in ghrelin, ghrelin receptor protein levels, and GOAT mRNA levels in the stomach was observed. Stomach cholecystokinin receptor (CCKAR), PPARα, and PPARδ decreased. Liver CCKAR decreased during the first day of hypoxia and returned to normal levels from the third day onwards. PPARα and PGC1α expression increased while PPARδ protein levels reduced in the liver on third day.

Conclusion: Hypoxia alters the expression of ghrelin and ghrelin receptor in the stomach, CCKAR in the liver, and PPAR and its cofactors, which might be possible role players in the contribution of gut and liver to anorexia at high altitude. (Endokrynol Pol 2015; 66 (4): 334–341)

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Keywords

ghrelin; CCK; GLP-1; anorexia; hypoxia

About this article
Title

Changes in ghrelin, CCK, GLP-1, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors in a hypoxia-induced anorexia rat model

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 66, No 4 (2015)

Pages

334-341

Published online

2015-09-01

DOI

10.5603/EP.2015.0043

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2015;66(4):334-341.

Keywords

ghrelin
CCK
GLP-1
anorexia
hypoxia

Authors

Arul Joseph Duraisamy
Susovan Bayen
Supriya Saini
Alpesh Kumar Sharma
Praveen Vats
Shashi Bala Singh

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