Vol 66, No 1 (2015)
Review paper
Published online: 2015-03-02

open access

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Aortopathies in Turner syndrome — new strategies for evaluation and treatment

Ruta Kriksciuniene, Rytas Ostrauskas, Birute Zilaitiene
DOI: 10.5603/EP.2015.0010
Pubmed: 25754283
Endokrynol Pol 2015;66(1):58-65.

Abstract

Turner syndrome is a rare genetic disorder which impairs women’s growth, reproductive function, cardiovascular development and other functions. This syndrome has been proposed as an independent risk marker for cardiovascular disease. Despite this, life-threatening cardiovascular outcomes affecting young women are dismissed because of incomplete follow up. During assessment due to their smaller stature, it should be noted that, although the ascending aorta diameter is normal in absolute terms, after indexation for body size, patients with Turner syndrome may have a dilated aorta.

Based on recent guidelines and the latest studies, there is new evidence on the use of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing aortic lesions. New management possibilities of aortopathies have also been discussed. This approach should optimise medical care for women with Turner syndrome, but many areas of uncertainty still remain in the diagnosis and management of this syndrome, and new prospective studies are needed.