open access

Vol 9, No 6 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-11-13
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Validation of diabetes knowledge questionnaire in Croatian with assessment of diabetes knowledge and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Miroslav Ćaćić, Ivan Kruljac, Gorana Mirošević, Milan Vrkljan
DOI: 10.5603/DK.2020.0054
·
Clinical Diabetology 2020;9(6):387-393.

open access

Vol 9, No 6 (2020)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-11-13

Abstract

Background. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the biggest challenges in global healthcare and society in general. Assessment of the patient’s level of knowledge regarding diabetes is an important step in adapting group education programs to achieve better treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to validate Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire (DKQ) in Croatian language, to evaluate knowledge about diabetes and examine the relationship between knowledge and quality of life among type 2 DM patient’s in Croatia.
Methods. The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study on 500 subjects. Validation of DKQ questionnaire in Croatian language was done using forward-backward method and internal consistency was examined using Cronbach’s Alpha. Quality of life was assessed using WHOQOL-BREF Questionnaire.
Results. Good reliability and internal consistency of DKQ was confirmed (a = 0,740). Overall knowledge about diabetes was satisfactory (average DKQ score was 12,13). Longer duration of disease and previous education about diabetes were observed as predictive factors of better knowledge. No association was found between diabetes knowledge and quality of life.
Conclusions. Our study confirms that DKQ is a good tool for assessing diabetes knowledge in Croatian language. Patients with DM demonstrated good diabetes knowledge but education in areas of self-care and nutrition needs to be improved which may increase quality of life.

Abstract

Background. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the biggest challenges in global healthcare and society in general. Assessment of the patient’s level of knowledge regarding diabetes is an important step in adapting group education programs to achieve better treatment outcomes. The aim of this study was to validate Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire (DKQ) in Croatian language, to evaluate knowledge about diabetes and examine the relationship between knowledge and quality of life among type 2 DM patient’s in Croatia.
Methods. The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study on 500 subjects. Validation of DKQ questionnaire in Croatian language was done using forward-backward method and internal consistency was examined using Cronbach’s Alpha. Quality of life was assessed using WHOQOL-BREF Questionnaire.
Results. Good reliability and internal consistency of DKQ was confirmed (a = 0,740). Overall knowledge about diabetes was satisfactory (average DKQ score was 12,13). Longer duration of disease and previous education about diabetes were observed as predictive factors of better knowledge. No association was found between diabetes knowledge and quality of life.
Conclusions. Our study confirms that DKQ is a good tool for assessing diabetes knowledge in Croatian language. Patients with DM demonstrated good diabetes knowledge but education in areas of self-care and nutrition needs to be improved which may increase quality of life.

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Keywords

diabetes mellitus, quality of life, knowledge, DKQ, WHOQOL-BREF

About this article
Title

Validation of diabetes knowledge questionnaire in Croatian with assessment of diabetes knowledge and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 9, No 6 (2020)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

387-393

Published online

2020-11-13

DOI

10.5603/DK.2020.0054

Bibliographic record

Clinical Diabetology 2020;9(6):387-393.

Keywords

diabetes mellitus
quality of life
knowledge
DKQ
WHOQOL-BREF

Authors

Miroslav Ćaćić
Ivan Kruljac
Gorana Mirošević
Milan Vrkljan

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