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Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Review articles (submitted)
Published online: 2017-06-20
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The role of nuts consumption in the primary and secondary prevention of type 2 diabetes

Agata Klementyna Stróżyk, Lucyna Pachocka
DOI: 10.5603/DK.2017.0005
·
Clinical Diabetology 2017;6(1):26-33.

open access

Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Review articles (submitted)
Published online: 2017-06-20

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes (DMT2) constitutes approximately 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide and its main feature is chronic hyperglycaemia, which may lead to endothelium dysfunction, atherosclerosis, hypertension, microangiopathy, nephropathy, retinopathy and strokes. Therapy of patients with type 2 diabetes, despite the control of glycaemia, should encompass surveillance of lipid profile, blood pressure and body mass as factors increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to indicate the association of the consumption of nuts with lower risk of DMT2 and its complication prevention. It was established that the nuts have a positive impact on postprandial glycaemia decrease, insulin sensitivity improvement, ideal body mass maintenance (or its reduction among overweight people) and blood pressure control. As has been shown, implementation of nuts into DMT2 patients’ diet may reinforce the efficacy of the treatment outcomes.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes (DMT2) constitutes approximately 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide and its main feature is chronic hyperglycaemia, which may lead to endothelium dysfunction, atherosclerosis, hypertension, microangiopathy, nephropathy, retinopathy and strokes. Therapy of patients with type 2 diabetes, despite the control of glycaemia, should encompass surveillance of lipid profile, blood pressure and body mass as factors increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to indicate the association of the consumption of nuts with lower risk of DMT2 and its complication prevention. It was established that the nuts have a positive impact on postprandial glycaemia decrease, insulin sensitivity improvement, ideal body mass maintenance (or its reduction among overweight people) and blood pressure control. As has been shown, implementation of nuts into DMT2 patients’ diet may reinforce the efficacy of the treatment outcomes.

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Keywords

diabetes mellitus type 2, diet, nuts, hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, hypertension, overweight

About this article
Title

The role of nuts consumption in the primary and secondary prevention of type 2 diabetes

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 6, No 1 (2017)

Pages

26-33

Published online

2017-06-20

DOI

10.5603/DK.2017.0005

Bibliographic record

Clinical Diabetology 2017;6(1):26-33.

Keywords

diabetes mellitus type 2
diet
nuts
hyperglycaemia
insulin resistance
hypertension
overweight

Authors

Agata Klementyna Stróżyk
Lucyna Pachocka

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