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Vol 5, No 5 (2016)
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2017-02-03
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The belief of control and engagement in health related behaviours in the groups of adolescents with type 1 diabetes and excess body weight

Joanna Miniszewska, Emilia Kręciejewska, Elektra Szymańska-Garbacz
DOI: 10.5603/DK.2016.0027
·
Clinical Diabetology 2016;5(5):152-158.

open access

Vol 5, No 5 (2016)
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2017-02-03

Abstract

Introduction. The aim of this study is to assess the level of health-related behaviours among adolescents with type 1 diabetes and excess body weight, and the correlation occurring between the locus of control and the intensity of selected health-related behaviours among the respondents.

Material and methods. The study was conducted among patients of the Diabetes Clinic of the University Clinical Hospital No. 1 in Lodz and the Outpatient Clinic for Obesity Prevention and Therapy, Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital — Research Institute in Lodz. The age of the patients ranged from 12 to 20. The measurement of the variables was done utilising three methods: the Health Behaviour Inventory (IZZ), the Delta questionnaire to measure the locus of control and a survey of the author’s own design.

Results. The results indicate, inter alia, that the surveyed young people suffering from type 1 diabetes or excess body weight do not engage in health-related behaviours more intensely than healthy individuals, though, the belief of having influence on their lives (the internal locus of control) dominates among them. What is more, a strong need for social approval is correlated, in the study groups, with the level of healthrelated behaviours, which can suggest that the average level of health-related behaviours stems from a desire to present oneself in a best possible light.

Conclusion. Young people with type 1 diabetes and people with excess body weight present a comparable, unfortunately only average, level of health-related behaviours. Results suggest that the respondents probably tried to present themselves in a best possible light and the outcomes obtained, not higher than average, can be overstated, as compared with the actual level of health-related behaviours.

Abstract

Introduction. The aim of this study is to assess the level of health-related behaviours among adolescents with type 1 diabetes and excess body weight, and the correlation occurring between the locus of control and the intensity of selected health-related behaviours among the respondents.

Material and methods. The study was conducted among patients of the Diabetes Clinic of the University Clinical Hospital No. 1 in Lodz and the Outpatient Clinic for Obesity Prevention and Therapy, Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital — Research Institute in Lodz. The age of the patients ranged from 12 to 20. The measurement of the variables was done utilising three methods: the Health Behaviour Inventory (IZZ), the Delta questionnaire to measure the locus of control and a survey of the author’s own design.

Results. The results indicate, inter alia, that the surveyed young people suffering from type 1 diabetes or excess body weight do not engage in health-related behaviours more intensely than healthy individuals, though, the belief of having influence on their lives (the internal locus of control) dominates among them. What is more, a strong need for social approval is correlated, in the study groups, with the level of healthrelated behaviours, which can suggest that the average level of health-related behaviours stems from a desire to present oneself in a best possible light.

Conclusion. Young people with type 1 diabetes and people with excess body weight present a comparable, unfortunately only average, level of health-related behaviours. Results suggest that the respondents probably tried to present themselves in a best possible light and the outcomes obtained, not higher than average, can be overstated, as compared with the actual level of health-related behaviours.

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Keywords

health behaviours, locus of control, excess body weight, diabetes

About this article
Title

The belief of control and engagement in health related behaviours in the groups of adolescents with type 1 diabetes and excess body weight

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 5, No 5 (2016)

Pages

152-158

Published online

2017-02-03

DOI

10.5603/DK.2016.0027

Bibliographic record

Clinical Diabetology 2016;5(5):152-158.

Keywords

health behaviours
locus of control
excess body weight
diabetes

Authors

Joanna Miniszewska
Emilia Kręciejewska
Elektra Szymańska-Garbacz

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