Types of Articles

A. GENERAL RULES


‘Clinical Diabetology’ (CD Journal) is a platform for the exchange of ideas in the field of clinical diabetology. To facilitate the transfer of such knowledge between authors and readers, the Editorial Team of the CD Journal respectfully asks authors to adhere to the following rules regarding the preparation of articles:


Authorship


CD Journal abides by the rules of responsible and ethical publishing. It is understood that all persons added to the list of authors must have substantially participated in collecting and analyzing the data and/or in preparing the manuscript, and that none of the researchers/clinicians significantly involved in the project have been omitted from the list of authors. It is also assumed that all the listed authors have read and approved the manuscript prior to its submission. Authors should refer to ICMJE recommendations for authorship that can be found at: http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/


Structure of manuscript -for each type of manuscript, instructions regarding structure follow:


Title page - the first (title) page of each manuscript must contain the title of the article, short running title, the name(s) of the author(s), scientific degrees and affiliations, and the name and address of the corresponding author.


Title - should be no longer than 160 characters including space. Title should be the study type (e.g. randomized trial, cross-sectional study etc) and type of diabetes (e.g. type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, monogenic diabetes). it should be accurate and concise and should not be misleading.  First letter of the title should be capitalized. For example, “This is the Correct Title”. Articles should be titled so as to give the reader an insight into the content of the text.


Short running title: it should be less than 70 characters including space.


Abstract - is required for Original research papers, Review Articles and Guidelines/Consensus. Abstract is not required for Letters. Abstract must be structured as 'Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion'


Key words - the abstract, or the title, should be followed by 4 - 8 key words that allow a precise indexing of the paper. The exact name of the clinical entity that is the main topic of the paper must form one of these key words.


Ethical permission


A statement on the ethical aspects of every submitted paper should be included. If a paper does not describe any clinical observations of experiments (e.g. Reviews or Letters), the sentence ‘Ethical approval was not necessary for the preparation of this article’ should be placed after the main text of the manuscript. If the paper describes an original discovery, the statement on ethical approval should appear in the methodological part of the manuscript.


Illustrations


Illustrations should be submitted as a separate file with captions provided within the text of the manuscript. Illustrations should be numbered according to their order of appearance in the text. The number of illustrations is limited to two. However, additional illustrations or videos can be included in supplementary material. Composite illustrations are welcome.


Tables


Tables should be prepared using the same text processing software as the rest of the manuscript. Tables should be numbered according to their order of appearance in the text. Tables should be placed on separate pages at the end of the manuscript. The number of tables is limited to two. However, additional tables can be included in supplementary material.


References


The Vancouver style of referencing is required in papers submitted to the CD Journal. The number of references for specific types of articles is limited as follows: Research papers: up to 40, Review articles: up to 100, Editorials: up to 20, Guidelines: up to 100, Letters and Observations / Case reports: up to 10, Letters to the Editor: up to 5. Additional references can be included in supplementary material. References should appear in chronological order in normal type and in parenthesis. Examples of references are provided in 'Manuscript Preparation' section. 


Funding


Clear and precise identification of any funding source must appear after the main text. When no external sources of funding were involved, the sentence ‘This publication was prepared without any external source of funding’ should appear.


Conflicts of interest


Any possible conflict of interest regarding the submitted paper should be described for each author in a separate paragraph following the main text.


B. SPECIFIC REFERENCE


Guidelines for reporting clinical trials – see: http://www.consort-statement.org/


Guidelines for reporting epidemiology/observational studies – see: https://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/strobe/


C. TYPES OF MANUSCRIPTS


 C.1  Research papers


 Research papers presenting the results of predominantly clinical observations form the core group of publications in CD Journal.


Word count - Research papers must contain no more than 4000 words, excluding references, captions and tables.


Title - should be no longer than 160 characters including space. Title should be the study type (e.g. randomized trial, cross-sectional study etc) and type of diabetes (e.g. type 1 diabets, type 2 diabets, monogenic diabetes). it should be accurate and concise and should not be misleading.  First letter of the title should be capitalized. For example, “This is the Correct Title”. Articles should be titled so as to give the reader an insight into the content of the text.


Abstract - must be no longer than 250 words and must be structured as “Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion”.


Key words - the abstract should be followed by 4 - 8 key words. At least one of these words should be the name of a specific clinical entity (e.g. MODY), a syndrome (e.g. ketoacidosis) or a procedure.


Structure and content of the main text


The main text should be divided into the following sections:


Introduction, should provide sufficient background information (what was known before this study) leading to research question or hypothesis of the current study.


Materials and Methods


This section should include information on the study design, study population (including inclusion/exclusion), definition of variables or measurements obtained, It should also contain a precise description of laboratory experiments (where applicable) specific enough to allow reproduction, and of statistical methods used for data analysis. The authors’ statement regarding ethical approval of their project should also appear in this section.


Results - should describe the primary, secondary and exploratory outcomes.


Discussion


Authors must set out their specific findings in the context of the most recent publications in the particular field. The Discussion should also identify any strong or weak aspects of the project, and any limitations of the work carried out. Authors must conclude their Discussion with specific conclusions as to how their findings compare to those in the literature.


Conclusions - this section should be succinct describing the main findings of the study in the context of the past research. Authors must include strength and weaknesses of the study, and the generalizability of the findings.


Funding, if applicable - all authors must report any funding sources for the study.


Acknowledgments, if applicable - should provide any acknowledgement for the conduct of the study and/or support for manuscript preparation. 


References - Research papers should have no more than 40 references. Authors are encouraged to cite original and most recent articles whenever possible.


Tables - numbered according to their appearance in the text, with precise legends and titles. Additional tables (clearly addressed in the text of the manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material.


Figures - these should be numbered, titled and clearly described. Additional illustrations (clearly addressed in the text of the manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material. Composite illustrations are welcome.


Number of tables and figures combined - up to 4.


C.2 Review articles


Reviews can be of literature review, scoping review or systematic review. Also see: https://subjectguides.uwaterloo.ca/c.php?g=695509&p=4933476


Word count - Review articles should contain no more than 4,000 words, excluding references, captions and tables.


Title - highly specific titles are preferred.


Abstract


An abstract of no more than 250 words is required. It should define the topics covered by the Review, and signal whether the paper is addressed more to clinicians or to researchers. Abstracts should be divided into the following paragraphs: Objective, State of the Art, Clinical Implications, Conclusions.


Key words - abstract followed by 4 - 8 key words. At least one of these words should be the name of a specific clinical entity, a syndrome, or a procedure. 


Structure and content of the main text


The structure of a Review is largely a matter for the author. These however are our suggestions: Introduction defining the purposes of the Review. State of the Art section describing the significance of the topic of the Review, with special consideration given to the most recent discoveries in the field. Clinical Implications summing up the most important facts presented in the Review. Future Directions addressing any unanswered questions and setting out future challenges for researchers.


Tables - numbered according to their appearance in the text, with precise legends and titles. Additional tables (clearly addressed in the text of the manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material.


Figures - Reviews may contain either one or two illustrations. Additional illustrations (clearly addressed in the text of the manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material. Composite illustrations are welcome.


Number of tables and figures combined - up to 4.


References - Reviews may contain up to 100 references. Additional references may be submitted as a supplementary material.


C.3  Guidelines


CD Journal is open to receiving proposals for papers containing clinical guidelines prepared by medical societies and other clinical and scientific groups of experts. The publication is exempt from the author's fee. The formal requirements for such Guideline papers are as follows:


Word count - Guidelines should contain no more than 4000 words, excluding references, captions and tables.


Title - should contain the name of the organization preparing the Guideline, and the specific clinical condition to which the Guideline applies.


Abstract - of no more than 350 words, should describe the clinical condition being addressed and present the most important guidelines. The abstract should be divided into four paragraphs: Introduction, Aim of the Guideline, Results, and Conclusions.


Key words - following abstract should be followed by 4 - 8 key words.


Structure and content of the main text


The main text should be divided into the following sections:


Introduction - describing the clinical phenomenon which is the subject of the Guidelines, including basic epidemiological, pathophysiological and therapeutic data.


Aim - precisely defined clinical issues that are addressed by the Guidelines, preferably formulated as clinical questions.


Methods - list of relevant publications, the methods of publications search, the methods of reaching a consensus, and any particular strengths of the Guidelines should be described.


Results - evidence-based answers to the questions formulated in the ‘Aim’ section should be presented.


Conclusions -potential clinical implications of the Guidelines and any identified weak points should be described, as well as areas awaiting future Guidelines.


Tables - Guidelines may contain either one or two tables. Additional tables (clearly addressed in the text of manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material.


Illustrations - Guidelines may contain either one or two illustrations. Additional illustrations (clearly addressed in the text of the manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material. Composite illustrations are welcome.


References - Guidelines may contain up to 80 references. Additional references may be submitted as supplementary material.


C.4 Editorials


Editorials are generally commissioned and invited articles or written by the Editors of the CD Journal. The aim of an Editorial is to comment on a paper published in the CD Journal or to place it in its wider scientific context.


Word count - Editorials should contain no more than 800 words, excluding references.


Title - should be relevant to the article being commented upon.


Abstract - not required.


Key words - not required.


Structure and content of the main text - Editorials need no specific structure.


Number of Tables - either one or two tables. Additional tables (clearly addressed in the text of the manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material.


Illustrations - either one or two illustrations. Additional illustrations (clearly addressed in the text of the manuscript) may be submitted as supplementary material. Composite illustrations are welcome.


References - up to 20 references. Additional references may be submitted as supplementary material.


C.5 Letters


We publish four categories of articles under this heading: Comment Letters, Observation letters, Case reports and Clinical Images.


Letters do not have abstracts. 


Letter should be structured as 1) title page, 2) letter, 3) references and 4) table/figure as applicable. The entire letter including title page and illustrations should be prepared as one document. Letter should be double-spaced with at least 12 font size.


Letter should not exceed 500 words and 5 references.


Comment


Comments on recently published article are invited. We prefer that comments should be submitted within 4 months of the article’s issue publication. Comments do not have tables or figures.


We will invite authors to respond to the comment. Response should follow the instructions of the comment as specified above.


 Observation


 Pilot, feasibility, or hypothesis generating studies are welcomed as an observation letter. Observation letters are allowed one table or figure.


Case Report


A case report or case series can be submitted under this section. It must follow the instructions for letters and one table or figure is allowed.


Clinical Image


Clinical image of an interesting clinical case, syndrome or radiology finding related to diabetes can be submitted as letter. It must be clinically relevant. Please ensure to remove any patient identifier. Written permission from the patient must be obtained for appropriate images and should be submitted along with the manuscript.


Before You Begin

Publication Mode


All papers are published online and in print (sample and evaluation copies). Online version in primary one and the official publication date of these articles is the date that they are posted online. All articles are available in gold open access, meaning that they become freely available to everyone after immediately after publication.


Use of inclusive language


Inclusive language acknowledges diversity, conveys respect, is sensitive to difference, and promotes equal opportunity. Articles should make no assumptions about the beliefs of any reader, should contain nothing which might imply that one individual is superior to another on the grounds of race, sex, culture or any other characteristic, and should use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that writing is free from bias, for instance by using 'he or she', 'his/her' instead of 'he' or 'his', and by making use of neutral job titles (e.g. 'chairperson' instead of 'chairman' and 'flight attendant' instead of 'stewardess').


Contributors


Each author must declare his or her individual contribution to the article: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.


Role of the funding source


Please identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement, this should be stated.


Language (usage and editing services)


Please write in English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate grammatical or spelling errors, and to conform to correct scientific English, should use the recognied English Language Editing services involved in medical writing.  


Permissions


Material taken from another source must be accompanied by a written statement from both author and publisher giving permission to Clinical Diabetology for reproduction. Permission in writing is required from at least one author of papers still in press, unpublished data, and personal communications.


Conflict of Interest


Authors must disclose any interests in two places: 1. A summary declaration of interest statement in the title page file. If there are no interests to declare, please state: 'Conflicts of interest: none'. This summary statement will be ultimately published if the article is accepted. 2. Detailed disclosures as part of a separate Author(s) Statement, which forms part of the journal's official records. It is important for interests to be declared in both places, and that the information matches. Read more on COI in Ethics & Related Issues.


Cover Letter


Cover Letter should accompany all submissions directed to CD Journal. Address the Editor formally by name and also include your contact information, despite that it will be available through the Journal’s online submission system. The essence of Cover Letter in to explain why your manuscript would be a good fit for the Journal. The Cover Letter Form is available at: link


Manuscript Preparation

Use of word processing software


It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts. Note that source files of figures, tables and text graphics will be required whether or not you embed your figures in the text. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check' functions of your word processor.


Article structure


Subdivision - numbered sections


Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


Introduction


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Material and methods


Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.


Results - results should be clear and concise.


Discussion - this should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


Essential title page information


Title  - concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.


Author names and affiliations


Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lowercase superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.


Corresponding author


Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.


Present/permanent address


If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


Acknowledgements


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section and include it on the title page only. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).


Abstract


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. The abstract should be included in the Blinded Manuscript.


Keywords


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.


Abbreviations


Abbreviations that are unavoidable must be defined twice: (1) at their first mention in the Abstract and (2) at their first mention in the remaining part of the article. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. Abbreviations used in the table/Figure must be defined in the footnote. Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes should be abbreviated as T1D or T2D, respectively. Specify the type of diabetes such as type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, monogenic diabetes instead of writing diabetes.


Units


Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI. HbA1c should be reported as % (mmol/mmol). Please use the NGSP’s HbA1c converter at:  


http://www.ngsp.org/convert1.asp to calculate HbA1c values as both % and mmol/mol.


Footnotes - should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the position of footnotes in the text and list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.


Artwork  /  Electronic artwork - general remarks:



  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork

  • Embed the used fonts if the application provides that option

  • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar

  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text

  • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files

  • Provide captions to illustrations separately

  • Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the published version.

  • Submit each illustration as a separate file.


Formats


If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format. Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):


 EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts. TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/halftone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.


Please do not:



  • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors

  • Supply files that are too low in resolution

  • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.


Color artwork


Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution.


Figure captions


Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.


Tables


Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.


REFERENCES


Citation in text


Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.


Reference links


Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is highly encouraged. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. An example of a citation using DOI for an article not yet in an issue is: VanDecar J.C., Russo R.M., James D.E., Ambeh W.B., Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab beneath north eastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research, https://doi.org/10.1029/2001JB000884. Please note the format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper.


Web references


As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


Data references


This Journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article.


Reference management software


Please follow the format of the sample references and citations as shown in this Guide. If you use reference management software, please ensure that you remove all field codes before submitting the electronic manuscript. More information on how to remove field codes.


Other software that can be used for reference management: RefWorks (http://www.refworks.com), BibTeX(http://www.bibtex.org), ProCite (http://www.procite.com).


Reference style


The references should be based on the readily available texts published in the latest and major journals mainly written in English. Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.


Model of reference to a journal publication:  last name, initial, full paper title, journal full name, year, volume (number) first and last page.


Examples:


Reference to a journal publication: [1] Paivio A, Jansen B, Becker LJ. Comparisons through the mind's eye. Cognition 1975;37(2):635– 47.


Reference to a book: [2] Letheridge S, Cannon CR, editors. Bilingual education: teaching English as a second language. New York: Praeger; 1980.


Reference to a chapter in an edited book: [3] Strunk Jr W, White EB. The elements of style. 3rd ed. New York: MacMillan; 1979 [chapt.4].


Reference to a conference (only abstracts 2-page long may serve as references): [4] Douglis F, Ball Th. Tracking and viewing changes on the web. In: Proc. 1996 USENIX technical conference; 1996


Data references: [5] Oguro M, Imahiro S, Saito S, Nakashizuka T. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1; 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1.


Data visualization


Include interactive data visualizations in your publication and let your readers interact and engage more closely with your research. Follow the instructions here to find out about available data visualization options and how to include them with your article.


 Supplementary material


Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such online). Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file. Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the 'Track Changes' option in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published version.


INSTRUCTIONS TO SUBMIT A REVISED MANUSCRIPT


Before you begin submitting your revision, please ensure you have all the revised files ready. Please provide a separate covering letter outlining the changes that have been made to the submission in response to the reviewers’ comments and any other changes. All changes to the manuscript text should be tracked in the revised manuscript file ('Track Changes' mode if using Microsoft Word). 


Submission

Submission declaration and verification


Submission of an article implies that the work has not been published previously except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors, and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref Similarity Check.


Submission


Our online submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer review process. Editable files (e.g. Word) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor's decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.


Referees


Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees.


Changes to authorship


Authors should consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of names in the authorship list can be made only before the manuscript has been accepted, and only if approved by the Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers such a request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.


Submission Checklist


Authors are required to check their submission's compliance with all of the following. Submissions may be returned to authors not adhering to these guidelines:


1. Manuscript File: Required Components and Formatting


1.1 Title page with all required information


1.2 Word count (varying, according to article type)


1.3 Structured abstract, unstructured abstract or none (varying, according to article type)


1.4 Running head


1.5 Keywords


1.6 Table/Figure legends


1.7 References superscript in text, compiled at the end of the paper in the Vancouver style


1.8 Limited number of references


1.9 Text submitted in .doc/.docx or .rtf format


1.10 Text double-spaced, using Times New Roman and font size 12 or other popular


1.11 Manuscript checked for spelling and grammar


1.12 Article type correct 


2. Supporting Files (Attached as Separate Documents)


2.1 Cover letter


2.2 Conflict of Interest Statement


2.3 Written permission for usage of photographs, illustrations, figures, or text from another source


2.4 Figures: TIF, JPG, EPS, CDR format at the standard resolutions, i.e. 300 dpi for photos, 600 dpi for line art


2.5 Each table, figure, photograph, or illustration in a separate file


2.6 Movies submitted as "Suppl data" in .avi, .mov, or .mp4 formats (max. size: 6MB)


3. Revision/Resubmission: Required Components and Formatting


3.1 ‘Track changes’ mode


3.2 Rebuttal letter



Author statement

Cover letter



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Copyright Notice

Submitting the manuscript together with figures and tables, the Author (Authors) declares (declare) that the submission has not been previously published, nor has been submitted to another journal for consideration (excluding abstracts not exceeding 250 words). Apart from that the Author (Authors) declares (declare) that he (they) transfers (transfer) automatically and free of charge to the Publisher the copyright for publishing and distributing the submitted materials in all existing forms and areas, provided that the materials will be accepted for publication. At the same time the Author (Authors) agrees (agree) that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere and in any other language without prior consent of the copyright holder, which is the Publisher.


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