Vol 27, No 5 (2020)
Original articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2018-11-26

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Peak systolic velocity of tricuspid annulus is inferior to tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion for 30 days prediction of adverse outcome in acute pulmonary embolism

Katarzyna Kurnicka1, Barbara Lichodziejewska1, Michał Ciurzyński1, Maciej Kostrubiec1, Sylwia Goliszek1, Olga Zdończyk1, Olga Dzikowska-Diduch1, Piotr Palczewski2, Marta Skowrońska1, Marcin Koć1, Katarzyna Grudzka1, Piotr Pruszczyk1
Pubmed: 30484266
Cardiol J 2020;27(5):558-565.


Background: Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is an established index of right ventricular (RV) systolic function and a significant predictor in normotensive patients with pulmonary embolism (PE). Recently, Doppler tissue imaging-derived tricuspid annular systolic velocity (TV S’), a modern parameter of RV function was reported to be useful in the diagnosis and prognosis of a broad spectrum of heart diseases. Therefore, herein, is an analysis of the prognostic value of both parameters in normotensive PE patients.

One hundred and thirty nine consecutive PE patients (76 female, age 56.4 ± 19.5 years) were included in this study. All patients were initially anticoagulated. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed on admission. The study endpoint (SE) was defined as PE-related 30-day mortality and/or need for rescue thrombolysis.

Seven (5%) patients who met the criteria for SE presented more severe RV dysfunction at echocardiography. Univariable Cox regression analysis showed that RV/LV ratio predicted SE with hazard risk (HR) 10.6 (1.4–80.0; p = 0.02); TAPSE and TV S’ showed HR 0.77 (0.67–0.89), p < 0.001, and 0.71 (0.52–0.97), p = 0.03, respectively. Area under the curve for TAPSE in the prediction of SE was 0.881; 95% CI 0.812–0.932, p = 0.0001, for TV S’ was 0.751; 95% CI 0.670–0.820, p = 0.001. Multivariable analysis showed that the optimal prediction model included TAPSE and systolic blood pressure (SBP showed HR 0.89 95% CI 0.83–0.95, p < 0.001 and TAPSE HR 0.67, 95% CI 0.52–0.87, p<0.03). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that initially PE patients with TAPSE ≥ 18 mm had a much more favorable prognosis that patients with TAPSE < 18 mm (p < 0.01), while analysis of S’ was only of borderline statistical significance.

It seems that TV S’ is inferior to TAPSE for 30 day prediction of adverse outcome in acute pulmonary embolism.

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