Vol 19, No 6 (2012)
Case Reports
Published online: 2012-12-06

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Progressive breathlessness in an Afro Caribbean hypertensive subject

Girish Dwivedi, Robert J. MacFadyen, Chetan Varma, Vishal Sharma, Desley Neil, Richard P. Steeds
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.2012.0120
Cardiol J 2012;19(6):646-649.

Abstract

The sensitivity and specificity of structural assessment of the heart by echocardiography in black hypertensive patients presenting with symptoms of heart failure is often incomplete. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, mainly by virtue of its ability to characterize myocardial tissue composition, may be of value in differentiating some of the common pathologies noninvasively. We present an illustrative case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a British Afro Caribbean hypertensive patient where at least some features of familial amyloidosis were present on screening echocardiography. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance examination of this case established not only the usefulness of this technique, but also highlighted the importance of recognizing the variations and departure from the usual which one associates with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, so as to arrive at the final diagnosis.

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