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Correlations between soluble ST2 concentration and the nutritional status in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction — cross-sectional study

Marta Kałużna-Oleksy1, Filip Waśniewski1, Magdalena Szczechla1, Filip Sawczak1, Agata Kukfisz1, Helena Krysztofiak2, Katarzyna Przytarska1, Ewa Straburzyńska-Migaj1, Magdalena Dudek1
Pubmed: 38742746

Abstract

Background: Heart failure (HF) is a global problem that stimulates research on markers associated with the diagnosis and course of the disease. Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (sST2) is a receptor for interleukin-33 and is associated with increased mortality rates in HF patients. Malnutrition in HF is also connected with inflammation and is associated with worse prognosis. The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sST2 concentration and the nutritional status of patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF).

Material and methods: 138 patients with HFrEF were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Nutritional status was assessed using Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT). The mean age was 53.6 ± 10.8 years.

Results: In the group with sST2 > 32.9 ng/mL, the GNRI score was higher and the associated risk of malnutrition was more common (29% vs. 12%; p = 0.011). Coherently in the group with sST2 > 32.9 ng/mL the median CONUT score was worse (2 [IQR 1–3] vs. 1 [IQR 0–2]; p = 0.0016) and the risk of malnutrition defined by this tool was also more prevalent (p = 0.0079). This relationship was independent of the concentration of natriuretic peptides, age and sex.

Conclusions: According to available research, this research is the first study showing that sST2 concentration is related with nutritional status in HFrEF patients. sST2 may help to evaluate the necessity for nutritional intervention in HFrEF patients.

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