open access

Vol 24, No 4 (2017)
Review articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2017-05-19
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Three-dimensional printing in cardiology: Current applications and future challenges

Hongxing Luo, Jarosław Meyer-Szary, Zhongmin Wang, Robert Sabiniewicz, Yuhao Liu
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2017.0056
·
Pubmed: 28541602
·
Cardiol J 2017;24(4):436-444.

open access

Vol 24, No 4 (2017)
Review articles — Clinical cardiology
Published online: 2017-05-19

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) printing has attracted a huge interest in recent years. Broadly speaking, it refers to the technology which converts a predesigned virtual model to a touchable object. In clinical medicine, it usually converts a series of two-dimensional medical images acquired through computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or 3D echocardiography into a physical model. Medical 3D printing consists of three main steps: image acquisition, virtual reconstruction and 3D manufacturing. It is a promising tool for preoperative evaluation, medical device design, hemodynamic simulation and medical education, it is also likely to reduce operative risk and increase operative success. However, the most relevant studies are case reports or series which are underpowered in testing its actual effect on patient outcomes. The decision of making a 3D cardiac model may seem arbitrary since it is mostly based on a cardiologist’s perceived difficulty in performing an interventional procedure. A uniform consensus is urgently necessary to standardize the key steps of 3D printing from imaging acquisition to final production. In the future, more clinical trials of rigorous design are possible to further validate the effect of 3D printing on the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. (Cardiol J 2017; 24, 4: 436–444)

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) printing has attracted a huge interest in recent years. Broadly speaking, it refers to the technology which converts a predesigned virtual model to a touchable object. In clinical medicine, it usually converts a series of two-dimensional medical images acquired through computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or 3D echocardiography into a physical model. Medical 3D printing consists of three main steps: image acquisition, virtual reconstruction and 3D manufacturing. It is a promising tool for preoperative evaluation, medical device design, hemodynamic simulation and medical education, it is also likely to reduce operative risk and increase operative success. However, the most relevant studies are case reports or series which are underpowered in testing its actual effect on patient outcomes. The decision of making a 3D cardiac model may seem arbitrary since it is mostly based on a cardiologist’s perceived difficulty in performing an interventional procedure. A uniform consensus is urgently necessary to standardize the key steps of 3D printing from imaging acquisition to final production. In the future, more clinical trials of rigorous design are possible to further validate the effect of 3D printing on the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. (Cardiol J 2017; 24, 4: 436–444)

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Keywords

three-dimensional printing, cardiology, preoperative evaluation, device design, medical education

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About this article
Title

Three-dimensional printing in cardiology: Current applications and future challenges

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 24, No 4 (2017)

Pages

436-444

Published online

2017-05-19

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2017.0056

Pubmed

28541602

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2017;24(4):436-444.

Keywords

three-dimensional printing
cardiology
preoperative evaluation
device design
medical education

Authors

Hongxing Luo
Jarosław Meyer-Szary
Zhongmin Wang
Robert Sabiniewicz
Yuhao Liu

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