Vol 22, No 5 (2015)
Original articles
Published online: 2015-10-27

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Short-term effects of transcatheter aortic valve implantation on left atrial appendage function

Serkan Aslan, Mehmet Gul, Huseyin Altug Cakmak, Derya Ozturk, Omer Celik, Muhammet Hulusi Satilmisoglu, Safa Gode, Omer Tasbulak, Aydin Yildirim, Ihsan Bakir
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2015.0024
Pubmed: 26004939
Cardiol J 2015;22(5):527-534.

Abstract

Background: The beneficial effects of the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on echocardiographic parameters including left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) functions were described by previous studies. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of TAVI on left atrial appendage (LAA) function assessed by transthoracic and transesophageal echocar­diography.

Methods: Fifty-five patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis were included in this prospective study. LAA early and late emptying velocities, LAA filling velocity, peak early diastolic (EM), late diastolic (AM), and systolic (SM) velocities were measured with pulsed wave Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging, and E/Em ratio was calculated before and 7.1 ± 2.8 days after TAVI. A subgroup analysis was performed in accordance with the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of the patients and the severity of their LV diastolic dysfunction.

Results: Although the post-procedure peaks and mean gradients of the patients decreased sig­nificantly, the LVEF increased significantly in those who had low LVEF before the procedure. The post-procedure E/Em ratio decreased significantly (p < 0.001). The post-procedural LAA mean filling velocity and EM velocity were significantly higher than the pre-procedural filling velocity (p < 0.001, p = 0.002, respectively). In the subgroup analysis, the post-procedural LAA filling velocity, early and late LAA emptying velocities, in addition to the mean velocity of the EM, AM, and SM were significantly higher than before the procedure in patients with LVEF of < 50% and E/Em ratios of > 15.

Conclusions: LAA function improved soon after the TAVI procedure, especially in patients with low LVEF and marked LV diastolic dysfunction.