open access

Vol 22, No 4 (2015)
Original articles
Published online: 2015-08-28
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Relationship between electrocardiographic characteristics of left bundle branch block and echocardiographic findings

Augusto J. Lépori, Ricardo S. Mishima, Gonzalo Rodriguez, Eduardo A. Moreyra, Jose L. Serra, Miguel A. Tibaldi, Andres Martellotto, Eduardo Moreyra Jr
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2015.0005
·
Pubmed: 25588531
·
Cardiol J 2015;22(4):397-403.

open access

Vol 22, No 4 (2015)
Original articles
Published online: 2015-08-28

Abstract

Background: Complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB) is an electrocardiographic (ECG) dromotropic disorder seen in patients with various structural heart diseases and sometimes is associated with poor prognosis. Its presence confounds the application of standard ECG criteria for the diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), myocardial infarction (MI) in the chronic phase, and pathologies that produce changes on ST-T segment. The aim of this investigation was to establish the relationship between CLBBB and cardiac structural abnormalities assessed by echocardiography.

Methods: This observational, cross-sectional study included ECG with CLBBB from 101 patients who also had transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) performed within 6 months.

Results: The prevalence of structural heart disease on TTE was 90%. No ECG criterion was useful to diagnose LVH since no relationship was observed between 9 different ECG signs and increased left ventricular mass index. QRS duration (p = 0.16) and left axis deviation (p = 0.09) were unrelated to reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Eight ECG signs proposed for the diagnosis of the chronic phase of MI demonstrated similar effectiveness, with high specificity and reduced sensitivity.

Conclusions: CLBBB is associated with elevated prevalence of cardiac structural disease and hinders the application of common ECG criteria for the diagnosis of LVH, reduced LVEF, or chronic phase of MI. No ECG finding distinguished patients with structural heart disease from those with normal hearts. Electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of MI in the chronic phase are useful when present, but when absent cannot rule it out.  

Abstract

Background: Complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB) is an electrocardiographic (ECG) dromotropic disorder seen in patients with various structural heart diseases and sometimes is associated with poor prognosis. Its presence confounds the application of standard ECG criteria for the diagnosis of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), myocardial infarction (MI) in the chronic phase, and pathologies that produce changes on ST-T segment. The aim of this investigation was to establish the relationship between CLBBB and cardiac structural abnormalities assessed by echocardiography.

Methods: This observational, cross-sectional study included ECG with CLBBB from 101 patients who also had transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) performed within 6 months.

Results: The prevalence of structural heart disease on TTE was 90%. No ECG criterion was useful to diagnose LVH since no relationship was observed between 9 different ECG signs and increased left ventricular mass index. QRS duration (p = 0.16) and left axis deviation (p = 0.09) were unrelated to reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Eight ECG signs proposed for the diagnosis of the chronic phase of MI demonstrated similar effectiveness, with high specificity and reduced sensitivity.

Conclusions: CLBBB is associated with elevated prevalence of cardiac structural disease and hinders the application of common ECG criteria for the diagnosis of LVH, reduced LVEF, or chronic phase of MI. No ECG finding distinguished patients with structural heart disease from those with normal hearts. Electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of MI in the chronic phase are useful when present, but when absent cannot rule it out.  

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Keywords

complete left bundle branch block, transthoracic echocardiogram, left ventricular hypertrophy, chronic phase of myocardial infarction

About this article
Title

Relationship between electrocardiographic characteristics of left bundle branch block and echocardiographic findings

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 22, No 4 (2015)

Pages

397-403

Published online

2015-08-28

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2015.0005

Pubmed

25588531

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2015;22(4):397-403.

Keywords

complete left bundle branch block
transthoracic echocardiogram
left ventricular hypertrophy
chronic phase of myocardial infarction

Authors

Augusto J. Lépori
Ricardo S. Mishima
Gonzalo Rodriguez
Eduardo A. Moreyra
Jose L. Serra
Miguel A. Tibaldi
Andres Martellotto
Eduardo Moreyra Jr

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