open access

Vol 22, No 3 (2015)
Original articles
Published online: 2015-06-19
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Role of coronary artery calcium score for risk stratification in patients with non significant perfusion defects by myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography

Márcio Vinícius Lins Barros, Maria do Carmo Pereira Nunes, Gabriel Braga, Daniel Rocha Rabelo, Karen Magalhães, Fernanda Scaramello, Maria Helena Albernaz Siqueira
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2014.0084
·
Pubmed: 25428736
·
Cardiol J 2015;22(3):330-335.

open access

Vol 22, No 3 (2015)
Original articles
Published online: 2015-06-19

Abstract

Background: Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) is an important diagnostic tool in the management of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the presence of mild-moderate perfusion defects can be challenging and may lead to unnecessary cardiac catheterization. The coronary artery calcium (CAC) score is a method with excellent negative predictive value in the evaluation of CAD, but its role in this setting of patients has not been fully defined. This study aims to assess the potential of CAC in the prediction of cardiac adverse events in patients with suspected CAD with mild-moderate perfusion by MPS.

Methods and results: We conducted a cohort study in 292 patients presenting with mild-moderate perfusion defects by MPS undergoing a CAC measurement. The patients were followed for a mean of 34 months for occurrence of major cardiac adverse events (MACE). The majority of the patients (64.7%) were male, mean age of 57.9 ± 12.6 years. During the follow-up there were 37 MACE. In multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, hypertension and CAC were independent predictors of MACE. The patients who presented a CAC score of ≥ 400 had a high risk of MACE (HR 20.9; 95% CI 4.79–91.42; p < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier curve showed a significant difference (log-rank c2; p< 0.001) using CAC scores in predicting MACE.

Conclusions: CAC score carries a powerful prognostic value in predicting adverse events in patients with suspected CAD and MPS with mild-moderate perfusion defects and may be useful in risk stratification of these patients.

Abstract

Background: Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) is an important diagnostic tool in the management of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the presence of mild-moderate perfusion defects can be challenging and may lead to unnecessary cardiac catheterization. The coronary artery calcium (CAC) score is a method with excellent negative predictive value in the evaluation of CAD, but its role in this setting of patients has not been fully defined. This study aims to assess the potential of CAC in the prediction of cardiac adverse events in patients with suspected CAD with mild-moderate perfusion by MPS.

Methods and results: We conducted a cohort study in 292 patients presenting with mild-moderate perfusion defects by MPS undergoing a CAC measurement. The patients were followed for a mean of 34 months for occurrence of major cardiac adverse events (MACE). The majority of the patients (64.7%) were male, mean age of 57.9 ± 12.6 years. During the follow-up there were 37 MACE. In multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, hypertension and CAC were independent predictors of MACE. The patients who presented a CAC score of ≥ 400 had a high risk of MACE (HR 20.9; 95% CI 4.79–91.42; p < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier curve showed a significant difference (log-rank c2; p< 0.001) using CAC scores in predicting MACE.

Conclusions: CAC score carries a powerful prognostic value in predicting adverse events in patients with suspected CAD and MPS with mild-moderate perfusion defects and may be useful in risk stratification of these patients.

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Keywords

coronary artery disease, calcium score, myocardial perfusion SPECT

About this article
Title

Role of coronary artery calcium score for risk stratification in patients with non significant perfusion defects by myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 22, No 3 (2015)

Pages

330-335

Published online

2015-06-19

DOI

10.5603/CJ.a2014.0084

Pubmed

25428736

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2015;22(3):330-335.

Keywords

coronary artery disease
calcium score
myocardial perfusion SPECT

Authors

Márcio Vinícius Lins Barros
Maria do Carmo Pereira Nunes
Gabriel Braga
Daniel Rocha Rabelo
Karen Magalhães
Fernanda Scaramello
Maria Helena Albernaz Siqueira

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