Vol 20, No 5 (2013)
Original articles
Published online: 2013-09-23

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Impact of operator experience and wiring technique on procedural efficacy of trans-radial percutaneous chronic total occlusion recanalization performed by dedicated radialists

Francesco Burzotta, Carlo Trani, Antonella Tommasino, Marta Francesca Brancati, Silvia Saffioti, Giancarlo Pirozzolo, Giampaolo Niccoli, Antonio Maria Leone, Giovanni Schiavoni, Filippo Crea
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2013.0063
Cardiol J 2013;20(5):560-567.

Abstract

Background: The efficacy of trans-radial approach (TRA) in chronic total occlusions (CTO) percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is not well established. Thus, we sought to review the feasibility and long-term results of TRA for CTO PCI performed by dedicated TRA operatorsof our center.

Methods: CTO PCI performed by dedicated radialists were considered. Primary end-points were “PCI success” (stent implantation with residual stenosis < 20% and TIMI 3) and “patient success” (PCI success in a first or second attempt). Vascular complications and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were also assessed. Procedures were divided into: Period 1 — no systematic adoption of TRA nor systematic wire selection, and Period 2 — systematic TRA with stepwise wire selection. The starting guidewire was initially an intermediate wire (Period 2a), and, thereafter, a tapered soft polymeric guidewire (Period 2b).

Results: Two operators performed 167 TRA PCI on CTO in 158 patients. PCI success rate was 74.3% and patient success rate was 78.5%. Drug-eluting stents were implanted in 95.1% of successful procedures. One (0.6%) patient had a (minor) vascular complication. After a mean follow-up of 580 days, 93.7% of patients were free from MACE. PCI success (57.1% in Period 1 vs. 76.5% in Period 2a vs. 80.5% in Period 2b, p = 0.029) and patient success (62.5% in Period 1 vs. 77.8% in Period 2a vs. 86.1% in Period 2b, p = 0.025) significantly improved during the study.

Conclusions: CTO PCI by TRA is safe and feasible. Its efficacy seems to be strongly dependenton operator experience with CTO techniques and may be influenced by the strategy of guidewire selection.