open access

Vol 20, No 1 (2013)
Original articles
Published online: 2013-02-07
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Impaired atrial electromechanical function and atrial fibrillation promotion in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits

Huaying Fu, Changle Liu, Jian Li, Changyu Zhou, Lijun Cheng, Tong Liu, Guangping Li
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.2013.0010
·
Cardiol J 2013;20(1):59-67.

open access

Vol 20, No 1 (2013)
Original articles
Published online: 2013-02-07

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the underlying mechanisms are still not clearly elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the atrial electromechanical function, atrial electrophysiological changes and AF inducibility in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits.
Methods: In 8 alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits and 8 controls, we evaluated atrial electromechanical function by tissue Doppler imaging. Isolated Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts were prepared to measure atrial refractory effective period (AERP) and its dispersion (AERPD), interatrial conduction time (IACT) and vulnerability to AF. Atrial interstitial fibrosis was evaluated by Sirius-Red staining.
Results: Compared with controls, left atrial lateral wall Pa’-start interval (Pastart) and right atrial wall Pastart were increased in diabetic rabbits. AERPD was increased and IACT was prolonged in diabetic rabbits. Inducibility of AF in diabetic group was significant higher than controls (6/8 vs. 1/8, p < 0.05). Extensive interstitial fibrosis was observed in the DM group (p < 0.01). Correlation analysis showed that right atrial wall Pastart, Pa’-peak interval (Papeak) and total electromechanical activity (TEMA); left atrial lateral wall Papeak and TEMA, left atrial posterior wall TEMA, and IACT were correlated with atrial areas of fibrosis.
Conclusions: Atrial electromechanical function is impaired in diabetic rabbits, and is associated with atrial fibrosis and interatrial electrical conduction delay.

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the underlying mechanisms are still not clearly elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the atrial electromechanical function, atrial electrophysiological changes and AF inducibility in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits.
Methods: In 8 alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits and 8 controls, we evaluated atrial electromechanical function by tissue Doppler imaging. Isolated Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts were prepared to measure atrial refractory effective period (AERP) and its dispersion (AERPD), interatrial conduction time (IACT) and vulnerability to AF. Atrial interstitial fibrosis was evaluated by Sirius-Red staining.
Results: Compared with controls, left atrial lateral wall Pa’-start interval (Pastart) and right atrial wall Pastart were increased in diabetic rabbits. AERPD was increased and IACT was prolonged in diabetic rabbits. Inducibility of AF in diabetic group was significant higher than controls (6/8 vs. 1/8, p < 0.05). Extensive interstitial fibrosis was observed in the DM group (p < 0.01). Correlation analysis showed that right atrial wall Pastart, Pa’-peak interval (Papeak) and total electromechanical activity (TEMA); left atrial lateral wall Papeak and TEMA, left atrial posterior wall TEMA, and IACT were correlated with atrial areas of fibrosis.
Conclusions: Atrial electromechanical function is impaired in diabetic rabbits, and is associated with atrial fibrosis and interatrial electrical conduction delay.
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Keywords

diabetes mellitus; atrial electromechanical function; atrial fibrillation

About this article
Title

Impaired atrial electromechanical function and atrial fibrillation promotion in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 20, No 1 (2013)

Pages

59-67

Published online

2013-02-07

DOI

10.5603/CJ.2013.0010

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2013;20(1):59-67.

Keywords

diabetes mellitus
atrial electromechanical function
atrial fibrillation

Authors

Huaying Fu
Changle Liu
Jian Li
Changyu Zhou
Lijun Cheng
Tong Liu
Guangping Li

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