Vol 19, No 2 (2012)
Original articles
Published online: 2012-03-30

open access

Page views 938
Article views/downloads 1826
Get Citation

Connect on Social Media

Connect on Social Media

Assessment of the relationship between non-dipping phenomenon and heart rate turbulence

Levent Sahiner, Sercan Okutucu, Ugur Nadir Karakulak, Kudret Aytemir, Sefik Gorkem Fatihoglu, Ergun Baris Kaya, Giray Kabakci, Lale Tokgozoglu, Hilmi Ozkutlu, Ali Oto
Cardiol J 2012;19(2):140-145.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate cardiac autonomic function by heart rate turbulence (HRT) indices in normotensive and hypertensive individuals with either non-dipper or dipper type circadian rhythm of blood pressure (BP).
Methods: A total of 122 patients were allocated into four groups: normotensive/dipper, n = 33; normotensive/non-dipper, n = 31; hypertensive/dipper, n = 29; and hypertensive/non-dipper, n = 29. HRT indices (turbulence slope [TS] and turbulence onset [TO]) were calculated from 24-h ambulatory electrocardiographic recordings.
Results: TS values were higher (TS = 10.0 ± 3.4 vs 8.0 ± 1.5, p = 0.004) and TO values were lower (TO = –2.9 [–3.6, –2.2] vs –2.0 [–2.3, –1.9], p = 0.037) in the dipper subgroup of normotensive cases than in the non-dipper subgroup of normotensive cases. Similarly, TS values were higher (TS = 8.4 ± 3.5 vs 6.2 ± 2.9, p = 0.012) and TO values were lower (TO = –2.1 [–3.4, –2.0] vs –1.6 [–1.9, –0.2], p = 0.003) in the dipper subgroup of hypertensive cases than in the non-dipper subgroup of hypertensive cases. Spearman’s correlation analyses revealed a high positive correlation between percentage of dipping and TS (r = 0.600, p = 0.001) and a higher negative correlation between percentage of dipping and TO (r = –0.653, p = 0.001).
Conclusions: Blunting of the nocturnal fall in BP is associated with impaired HRT indices in both normotensive and hypertensive groups. (Cardiol J 2012; 19, 2: 140–145)

Article available in PDF format

View PDF Download PDF file