open access

Vol 14, No 1 (2007)
How to do
Published online: 2006-12-01
Submitted: 2013-01-14
Get Citation

The management of Brugada syndrome patients

Andrés Ricardo Pérez Riera, Li Zhang, Augusto Hiroshi Uchida, Edgardo Schapachnik, Sergio Dubner i Celso Ferreira
Cardiol J 2007;14(1):97-106.

open access

Vol 14, No 1 (2007)
How to do
Published online: 2006-12-01
Submitted: 2013-01-14

Abstract

Brugada syndrome is a congenital electrical disorder characterised by the appearance of distinctive QRST-T patterns in the right precordial leads and an increased risk of sudden death (SCD) in young healthy adults. Although chamber enlargement is not apparent in most cases, autopsy and histological investigations have revealed structural abnormalities. The typical Brugada ECG manifestation is often concealed and may be revealed by Class IC anti-arrhythmic agents with the effect of blocking the fast component of sodium channel currents. The syndrome may also be unmasked or precipitated by a febrile state, vagotonic agents, α-adrenergic agonists, β-adrenergic blockers, tricyclic or tetracyclic antidepressants, a combination of glucose and insulin and hypokalaemia, as well as by alcohol and cocaine toxicity. Since the typical Brugada ECG pattern can be normalised by Class IA agents to block transient outward currents (Ito) or by isoproterenol and cilostazol to boost calcium channel currents, they have been considered pharmacological therapies aimed at rebalancing the ion channel currents during cardiac depolarisation and repolarisation. Case studies by intra-cardiac mappingguided ablation in the right ventricular outflow tract and Purkinje network have shown evidence of eliminating the substrate of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) in Brugada syndrome, which may be used as an adjunct to device therapy to abort electrical storms. At present the most effective therapy to prevent sudden cardiac death in Brugada syndrome is an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. (Cardiol J 2007; 14: 97–106)

Abstract

Brugada syndrome is a congenital electrical disorder characterised by the appearance of distinctive QRST-T patterns in the right precordial leads and an increased risk of sudden death (SCD) in young healthy adults. Although chamber enlargement is not apparent in most cases, autopsy and histological investigations have revealed structural abnormalities. The typical Brugada ECG manifestation is often concealed and may be revealed by Class IC anti-arrhythmic agents with the effect of blocking the fast component of sodium channel currents. The syndrome may also be unmasked or precipitated by a febrile state, vagotonic agents, α-adrenergic agonists, β-adrenergic blockers, tricyclic or tetracyclic antidepressants, a combination of glucose and insulin and hypokalaemia, as well as by alcohol and cocaine toxicity. Since the typical Brugada ECG pattern can be normalised by Class IA agents to block transient outward currents (Ito) or by isoproterenol and cilostazol to boost calcium channel currents, they have been considered pharmacological therapies aimed at rebalancing the ion channel currents during cardiac depolarisation and repolarisation. Case studies by intra-cardiac mappingguided ablation in the right ventricular outflow tract and Purkinje network have shown evidence of eliminating the substrate of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) in Brugada syndrome, which may be used as an adjunct to device therapy to abort electrical storms. At present the most effective therapy to prevent sudden cardiac death in Brugada syndrome is an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. (Cardiol J 2007; 14: 97–106)
Get Citation

Keywords

Brugada syndrome; quinidine; isoproterenol; implantable cardioverter defibrillator; radiofrequency ablation

About this article
Title

The management of Brugada syndrome patients

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 14, No 1 (2007)

Pages

97-106

Published online

2006-12-01

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2007;14(1):97-106.

Keywords

Brugada syndrome
quinidine
isoproterenol
implantable cardioverter defibrillator
radiofrequency ablation

Authors

Andrés Ricardo Pérez Riera
Li Zhang
Augusto Hiroshi Uchida
Edgardo Schapachnik
Sergio Dubner i Celso Ferreira

Important: This website uses cookies.tanya dokter More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl