Vol 16, No 3 (2009)
Original articles
Published online: 2009-03-10

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Clinical outcome of patients with diabetes presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and treated with concomitant use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors

Stefan Kralev, Barbara Krause, Theano Papavassiliu, Siegfried Lang, Dariusch Haghi, Thorsten Kälsch, Carl-Erik Dempfle, Martin Borggrefe, Tim Süselbeck
Cardiol J 2009;16(3):234-240.

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation is considered to be the standard treatment in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). According to the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) guidelines for STEMI, there is a class IIa recommendation (treatment reasonable) for platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors. This study aims to compare the clinical outcome of patients with and without diabetes, presenting with STEMI undergoing primary PCI with concomitant usage of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors in real clinical practice.
Methods: Over the course of three years (2004-2006) 394 consecutive patients presenting with STEMI were included in this single centre experience. There were 95 patients (24%) with, and 299 patients (76%) without, diabetes. A GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor was administered to all patients without contraindications (316 patients, 80%).
Results: Patients with diabetes were significantly older, more often suffered from hypertension and had a higher incidence of obesity. The rate of administration of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors was similar in both groups (74% vs. 82%, p = 0.14). The in-hospital incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE, defined as death, re-myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularisation and coronary artery bypass graft) was similar in both patient groups (18 [19%] diabetics vs. 51 [17%] non-diabetics, p = 0.65). Hypertension, age and obesity were identified as predictors for MACE, whereas diabetes was not predictive.
Conclusions: In this single centre experience, in diabetic and non-diabetic patients presenting with STEMI, combination therapy with primary PCI and GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors might have contributed to a similar clinical outcome.

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