Vol 17, No 4 (2010)
Original articles
Published online: 2010-07-27

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Coronary computed tomography angiography in dialysis patients undergoing pre-renal transplantation cardiac risk stratification

Justin Mao, Vanji Karthikeyan, Chad Poopat, Thomas Song, Milan Pantelic, Joseph Chattahi, João L. Cavalcante, Karthik Ananthasubramaniam
Cardiol J 2010;17(4):349-361.


Background: This study addresses the safety, feasibility, and interpretability of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in excluding significant coronary artery disease in end-stage renal disease patients on dialysis undergoing pre-renal transplant cardiac risk evaluation.
Methods: Twenty nine patients (55.5 ± 10.2 years) undergoing cardiac risk assessment prior to renal transplantation, underwent research CCTA with calcium scoring and formed the study group. All CCTAs were performed using retrospective acquisition, with beta-blockade provided one hour prior to scanning.
Results: No major complications occurred in this group up to 30 days after CCTA. Of the total of 374 segments interpreted by both readers, only 36 (10%) were uninterpretable by both readers. Of these, 31 (86%) were from distal segments or branches. On a segmental level, there was 95% concordance between both readers for < 50% stenosis detection. Only three out of 28 (11%) CCTAs were deemed uninterpretable. Ten patients (36%) had zero calcium score, despite being on dialysis with no evidence of obstructive coronary artery disease by CCTA.
Conclusions: CCTA is feasible and safe in end-stage renal disease dialysis patients with the advent of 64-slice CCTA. Despite significant calcium burden, there was excellent inter-observer agreement at segment level for the left main and all three proximal-mid coronary arteries in excluding obstructive coronary artery disease (> 50% stenosis).
(Cardiol J 2010; 17, 4: 349-361)

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