open access

Vol 17, No 5 (2010)
Review articles
Published online: 2010-09-23
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Risk factors for atrial fibrillation: Not always severe heart disease, not always so ‘lonely’

Marcin Rosiak, Michał Dziuba, Michał Chudzik, Iwona Cygankiewicz, Karol Bartczak, Jarosław Drożdż, Jerzy Krzysztof Wranicz
Cardiol J 2010;17(5):437-442.

open access

Vol 17, No 5 (2010)
Review articles
Published online: 2010-09-23

Abstract

The precise mechanisms that cause atrial fibrillation (AF) are not completely understood. Clinicians should ask themselves whether AF is truly ‘lone’ or is the effect of an underlying, ‘masked’ disorder. Atrial fibrillation shares strong epidemiological associations with other cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. In this review, we discuss the ‘new risk factors’ and the mechanisms by which they lead to AF. Based on the most recent studies, we present the current knowledge about the relationship between AF occurrence and the following disorders: metabolic syndrome and its components, sleep apnea and inflammation. Moreover, some aspects of the influence of lifestyle (alcohol consumption and physical activity) on AF events are described. (Cardiol J 2010; 17, 5: 437-442)

Abstract

The precise mechanisms that cause atrial fibrillation (AF) are not completely understood. Clinicians should ask themselves whether AF is truly ‘lone’ or is the effect of an underlying, ‘masked’ disorder. Atrial fibrillation shares strong epidemiological associations with other cardiovascular diseases such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. In this review, we discuss the ‘new risk factors’ and the mechanisms by which they lead to AF. Based on the most recent studies, we present the current knowledge about the relationship between AF occurrence and the following disorders: metabolic syndrome and its components, sleep apnea and inflammation. Moreover, some aspects of the influence of lifestyle (alcohol consumption and physical activity) on AF events are described. (Cardiol J 2010; 17, 5: 437-442)
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Keywords

atrial fibrillation; risk factors; metabolic syndrome; obesity; diabetes; sleep apnea; inflammation; alcohol consumption; physical activity

About this article
Title

Risk factors for atrial fibrillation: Not always severe heart disease, not always so ‘lonely’

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 17, No 5 (2010)

Pages

437-442

Published online

2010-09-23

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2010;17(5):437-442.

Keywords

atrial fibrillation
risk factors
metabolic syndrome
obesity
diabetes
sleep apnea
inflammation
alcohol consumption
physical activity

Authors

Marcin Rosiak
Michał Dziuba
Michał Chudzik
Iwona Cygankiewicz
Karol Bartczak
Jarosław Drożdż
Jerzy Krzysztof Wranicz

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