Vol 17, No 6 (2010)
Original articles
Published online: 2010-12-08

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Relationship of serum angiogenin, adiponectin and resistin levels with biochemical risk factors and the angiographic severity of three-vessel coronary disease

Radosław Kręcki, Maria Krzemińska-Pakuła, Jarosław Drożdż, Piotr Szcześniak, Jan Zbigniew Peruga, Piotr Lipiec, Daria Orszulak-Michalak, Jarosław D. Kasprzak
Cardiol J 2010;17(6):599-606.

Abstract


Background: Patients with advanced coronary artery disease (CAD) have an unfavorable prognosis. Therefore, early identification of this high-risk group is important. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic parameters supported by novel atherogenesis and angiogenesis markers in identifying patients with stable, three-vessel coronary artery disease.
Methods: The study group comprised 107 patients suffering from three-vessel CAD and a control group of 15 patients presenting with typical angina, a positive exercise stress test and abnormal segmental contractility, but no hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis in their angiograms. In each patient, we characterized a biochemistry test panel including novel markers: angiogenin, resistin, adiponectin, IL-8 and a TNF-a. The angiographic severity of CAD was expressed as a Gensini score.
Results: There were significant differences between three-vessel CAD patients and control groups with respect to the serum levels of: hsCRP (2.8 vs 1.4 mg/L, p = 0.01), HDL-cholesterol (45 vs 54 mg/dL, p = 0.04), LDL-cholesterol (102 vs 95 mg/dL, p = 0.04), NT-proBNP (392 vs 151 pg/mL, p = 0.008) and a marker of angiogenetic activity, angiogenin (414 vs 275 ng/mL, p = 0.02), However, no significant differences were found between three-vessel CAD and the control group with respect to the serum level of adiponectin (8.08 vs 7.82 μg/mL), resistin (17.5 vs 21 ng/mL), IL-8 (20.7 vs 26.8 pg/mL) and TNF-a (4.1 vs 4.3 pg/mL). Angiogenin tended to be higher in patients with higher Gensini scores (p = 0.06) but no influence of ejection fraction was noted.
Conclusions: Angiogenin is a novel marker of three-vessel coronary disease showing a relationship with the angiographic severity of the disease. (Cardiol J 2010; 17, 6: 599-606)

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