open access

Vol 17, No 6 (2010)
Original articles
Published online: 2010-12-08
Submitted: 2013-01-14
Get Citation

Doppler tissue imaging unmasks right ventricular function abnormalities in HIV-infected patients

Apostolos Karavidas, Dimitris Tsiachris, George Lazaros, George Xylomenos, Sophia Arapi, Nikolaos Potamitis, Vassiliki Matzaraki, John Caplanis, Evangelos Matsakas, Panos Gargalianos, Vlassis Pyrgakis, Christodoulos Stefanadis
Cardiol J 2010;17(6):587-593.

open access

Vol 17, No 6 (2010)
Original articles
Published online: 2010-12-08
Submitted: 2013-01-14

Abstract


Background: We sought to investigate right ventricular (RV) function with Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving highly-active antiretroviral treatment, without any heart-related symptoms.
Methods: We studied 38 asymptomatic HIV patients (aged 44.5 ± 9.2 years, 22 of them men) and 25 age-matched and sex-matched controls. All subjects underwent conventional and DTI estimation of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, measuring peak systolic and diastolic myocardial velocities at the mitral annulus (Sm, Em, Am). Two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiographic study of the right ventricle (RV) was performed from the four-chamber view, and RV end-diastolic dimensions were measured. DTI recordings from the RV free wall at the tricuspid annulus were used to determine systolic (SmRV) and diastolic function (EmRV and AmRV).
Results: HIV-infected patients compared to controls exhibited significantly lower peak systolic velocities at the septal-SmIVS (7.9 ± 1.3 vs 9.1 ± 1.4 cm/s, p = 0.002) and lateral mitral annulus - SmLAT (9.8 ± 1.7 vs 11.2 ± 1.3 cm/s, p = 0.025); no difference was observed regarding conventional 2-D examination of LV systolic and diastolic function and DTI-derived Em and Am. No significant difference occurred between HIV patients and controls regarding RV end-diastolic dimensions and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. However, SmRV (13.8 ± 1.6 vs 14.9 ± 2.2 cm/s, p = 0.040), EmRV (11.6 ± 3 vs 13.5 ± 2.6 cm/s, p = 0.028) and AmRV (10.9 ± 2.5 vs 13.8 ± 4 cm/s, p = 0.003) were significantly reduced in HIV patients as compared to controls.
Conclusions: DTI unmasks subtle and otherwise undetectable abnormalities of the longitudinal LV systolic function and both RV systolic and diastolic function, in asymptomatic HIV patients receiving highly-active antiretroviral treatment. (Cardiol J 2010; 17, 6: 587-593)

Abstract


Background: We sought to investigate right ventricular (RV) function with Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving highly-active antiretroviral treatment, without any heart-related symptoms.
Methods: We studied 38 asymptomatic HIV patients (aged 44.5 ± 9.2 years, 22 of them men) and 25 age-matched and sex-matched controls. All subjects underwent conventional and DTI estimation of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function, measuring peak systolic and diastolic myocardial velocities at the mitral annulus (Sm, Em, Am). Two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiographic study of the right ventricle (RV) was performed from the four-chamber view, and RV end-diastolic dimensions were measured. DTI recordings from the RV free wall at the tricuspid annulus were used to determine systolic (SmRV) and diastolic function (EmRV and AmRV).
Results: HIV-infected patients compared to controls exhibited significantly lower peak systolic velocities at the septal-SmIVS (7.9 ± 1.3 vs 9.1 ± 1.4 cm/s, p = 0.002) and lateral mitral annulus - SmLAT (9.8 ± 1.7 vs 11.2 ± 1.3 cm/s, p = 0.025); no difference was observed regarding conventional 2-D examination of LV systolic and diastolic function and DTI-derived Em and Am. No significant difference occurred between HIV patients and controls regarding RV end-diastolic dimensions and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. However, SmRV (13.8 ± 1.6 vs 14.9 ± 2.2 cm/s, p = 0.040), EmRV (11.6 ± 3 vs 13.5 ± 2.6 cm/s, p = 0.028) and AmRV (10.9 ± 2.5 vs 13.8 ± 4 cm/s, p = 0.003) were significantly reduced in HIV patients as compared to controls.
Conclusions: DTI unmasks subtle and otherwise undetectable abnormalities of the longitudinal LV systolic function and both RV systolic and diastolic function, in asymptomatic HIV patients receiving highly-active antiretroviral treatment. (Cardiol J 2010; 17, 6: 587-593)
Get Citation

Keywords

HIV; right ventricular function; Doppler tissue imaging

About this article
Title

Doppler tissue imaging unmasks right ventricular function abnormalities in HIV-infected patients

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 17, No 6 (2010)

Pages

587-593

Published online

2010-12-08

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2010;17(6):587-593.

Keywords

HIV
right ventricular function
Doppler tissue imaging

Authors

Apostolos Karavidas
Dimitris Tsiachris
George Lazaros
George Xylomenos
Sophia Arapi
Nikolaos Potamitis
Vassiliki Matzaraki
John Caplanis
Evangelos Matsakas
Panos Gargalianos
Vlassis Pyrgakis
Christodoulos Stefanadis

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl