open access

Vol 17, No 6 (2010)
Review articles
Published online: 2010-12-08
Submitted: 2013-01-14
Get Citation

Management of diastolic heart failure

Anna Kazik, Krzysztof Wilczek, Lech Poloński
Cardiol J 2010;17(6):558-565.

open access

Vol 17, No 6 (2010)
Review articles
Published online: 2010-12-08
Submitted: 2013-01-14

Abstract

Diastolic heart failure (HF) is also referred to as HF with preserved left ventricular systolic function. The distinction between systolic and diastolic HFs is a pathophysiological one and isolated forms of left ventricular dysfunction are rarely observed. In diastolic HF left ventricular systolic function is normal or only slightly impaired, and the typical manifestations of HF result from increased filling pressure caused by impaired relaxation and compliance of the left ventricle. The predisposing factors for diastolic dysfunction include elderly age, female sex, obesity, coronary artery disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Treatment of diastolic HF is aimed to stop the progression of the disease, relieve its symptoms, eliminate exacerbations and reduce the mortality. The management should include antihypertensive treatment, maintenance of the sinus rhythm, prevention of tachycardia, venous pressure reduction, prevention of myocardial ischemia and prevention of diabetes mellitus. The European Society of Cardiology specifies the type of therapy in diastolic HF based on: angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, diuretics. In order to improve the currently poor prognosis in this group of patients the treatment of diastolic HF must be optimised. (Cardiol J 2010; 17, 6: 558-565)

Abstract

Diastolic heart failure (HF) is also referred to as HF with preserved left ventricular systolic function. The distinction between systolic and diastolic HFs is a pathophysiological one and isolated forms of left ventricular dysfunction are rarely observed. In diastolic HF left ventricular systolic function is normal or only slightly impaired, and the typical manifestations of HF result from increased filling pressure caused by impaired relaxation and compliance of the left ventricle. The predisposing factors for diastolic dysfunction include elderly age, female sex, obesity, coronary artery disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Treatment of diastolic HF is aimed to stop the progression of the disease, relieve its symptoms, eliminate exacerbations and reduce the mortality. The management should include antihypertensive treatment, maintenance of the sinus rhythm, prevention of tachycardia, venous pressure reduction, prevention of myocardial ischemia and prevention of diabetes mellitus. The European Society of Cardiology specifies the type of therapy in diastolic HF based on: angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, diuretics. In order to improve the currently poor prognosis in this group of patients the treatment of diastolic HF must be optimised. (Cardiol J 2010; 17, 6: 558-565)
Get Citation

Keywords

diastolic heart failure; impaired relaxation; ejection fraction; left ventricular compliance

About this article
Title

Management of diastolic heart failure

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 17, No 6 (2010)

Pages

558-565

Published online

2010-12-08

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2010;17(6):558-565.

Keywords

diastolic heart failure
impaired relaxation
ejection fraction
left ventricular compliance

Authors

Anna Kazik
Krzysztof Wilczek
Lech Poloński

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl