Vol 18, No 2 (2011)
Original articles
Published online: 2011-03-10

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Relation of global longitudinal strain to left ventricular geometry in aortic valve stenosis

Wilfried Dinh, Werner Nickl, Jan Smettan, Till Koehler, Lars Bansemir, Mark Lankisch, Thomas Scheffold, Michael Coll Barroso, Jan-Erik Gülker, Reiner Füth
Cardiol J 2011;18(2):151-156.

Abstract


Background: In patients with aortic stenosis (AS), increased afterload induces changes in left ventricular (LV) geometry to preserve a normal ejection fraction (EF). Nevertheless, myocardial dysfunction may occur in spite of a normal EF. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) analysis can detect subtle contractile dysfunction at a pre-clinical stage. The aim of our study was to assess LV function deteriorations with GLS analysis and the association with geometric changes in patients with AS and normal EF.
Methods: Forty four patients with moderate to severe AS and 40 controls were enrolled. All patients underwent echocardiography, including two-dimensional strain imaging. The relative wall thickness and LV muscle mass measurements were performed with magnetic resonance imaging and patients were subdivided into four groups: Group 1 with normal LV, Group 2 with concentric remodeling, Group 3 with eccentric hypertrophy, and Group 4 with concentric hypertrophy.
Results: The total group of patients with AS showed a GLS of -15.3 ± 3.6% while the control group reached -18.9 ± 3.2% (p < 0.001). GLS was lower in the hypertrophy Groups 3 and 4 compared to Groups 1 and 2 (12.9 ± 3.4% vs 17.2 ± 2.5%, p < 0.05, respectively). Splitting the patients into Groups 1 to 4, the GLS was -17.2 ± 2.4%, -17.2 ± 2.7%, -12.4 ± 3.8% and -13.1 ± 3.3, respectively (p = 0.002).
Conclusions: In subjects with AS, lower GLS is related to LV hypertrophy, but not to the presence of concentric remodeling. Assessment of GLS can identify subtle contractile dysfunction independent of a preserved EF, and might be useful in identifying patients at high risk for the transition from compensatory to pathological remodeling. (Cardiol J 2011; 18, 2: 151-156)

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