open access

Vol 18, No 4 (2011)
Original articles
Published online: 2011-07-15
Submitted: 2013-01-14
Get Citation

Improving the precision of QT measurements

Borje Darpo, Anthony A. Fossa, Jean-Philippe Couderc, Meijian Zhou, Anna Schreyer, Mark Ticktin, Alex Zapesochny
Cardiol J 2011;18(4):401-410.

open access

Vol 18, No 4 (2011)
Original articles
Published online: 2011-07-15
Submitted: 2013-01-14

Abstract

Background: Accurate and precise QT interval measurement is very important for both regulatory and drug developmental decision making. These measurements are often made using a manual or semi-automated technique, and the associated variability necessitates sample sizes of around 50 to 70 subjects in thorough QT/QTc studies. The purpose of this study was to compare the reproducibility and precision of a semi-automated (SA) method and a high-precision (HPQT) technique for ECG extraction and QT interval measurement on two thorough QT/QTc (TQT) studies conducted in compliance with ICH E14.
Methods: Data from 35 healthy subjects from two different crossover TQT studies on treatment with placebo and moxifloxacin was analyzed. Both methods examined the RR and QT intervals measured in lead II or the lead with the highest quality T-wave on a single beat basis using the QT algorithm included in the COMPAS software package. ECGs were measured at a protocol-specific timepoint.
Results: The effect of moxifloxacin on the QTc interval was highly reproducible in the two studies, and assay sensitivity was met with both methods. Pairwise comparison of QTcF values between methods demonstrated high agreement with no bias, small mean differences (below 1.5 ms) and narrow limits of agreement. HPQT improved the precision of the QTc measurement by 31% in Study I (standard deviation of DQTcF: SA 8.9 ms; HPQT 6.3 ms) and by 15% in Study II (SD: SA 9.7 ms; HPQT 8.3 ms).
Conclusions: The HPQT QT measurement technique detected the effect induced by moxifloxacin with the same accuracy as SA techniques, and with clearly improved precision. More precise QTc measurement has important implications in terms of lowering the likelihood of false positive results and/or reducing the sample size in TQT studies, as well as improving the utility of QT assessment in early clinical development. (Cardiol J 2011; 18, 4: 401–410)

Abstract

Background: Accurate and precise QT interval measurement is very important for both regulatory and drug developmental decision making. These measurements are often made using a manual or semi-automated technique, and the associated variability necessitates sample sizes of around 50 to 70 subjects in thorough QT/QTc studies. The purpose of this study was to compare the reproducibility and precision of a semi-automated (SA) method and a high-precision (HPQT) technique for ECG extraction and QT interval measurement on two thorough QT/QTc (TQT) studies conducted in compliance with ICH E14.
Methods: Data from 35 healthy subjects from two different crossover TQT studies on treatment with placebo and moxifloxacin was analyzed. Both methods examined the RR and QT intervals measured in lead II or the lead with the highest quality T-wave on a single beat basis using the QT algorithm included in the COMPAS software package. ECGs were measured at a protocol-specific timepoint.
Results: The effect of moxifloxacin on the QTc interval was highly reproducible in the two studies, and assay sensitivity was met with both methods. Pairwise comparison of QTcF values between methods demonstrated high agreement with no bias, small mean differences (below 1.5 ms) and narrow limits of agreement. HPQT improved the precision of the QTc measurement by 31% in Study I (standard deviation of DQTcF: SA 8.9 ms; HPQT 6.3 ms) and by 15% in Study II (SD: SA 9.7 ms; HPQT 8.3 ms).
Conclusions: The HPQT QT measurement technique detected the effect induced by moxifloxacin with the same accuracy as SA techniques, and with clearly improved precision. More precise QTc measurement has important implications in terms of lowering the likelihood of false positive results and/or reducing the sample size in TQT studies, as well as improving the utility of QT assessment in early clinical development. (Cardiol J 2011; 18, 4: 401–410)
Get Citation

Keywords

thorough QT study; QTc interval; electrocardiogram; moxifloxacin

About this article
Title

Improving the precision of QT measurements

Journal

Cardiology Journal

Issue

Vol 18, No 4 (2011)

Pages

401-410

Published online

2011-07-15

Bibliographic record

Cardiol J 2011;18(4):401-410.

Keywords

thorough QT study
QTc interval
electrocardiogram
moxifloxacin

Authors

Borje Darpo
Anthony A. Fossa
Jean-Philippe Couderc
Meijian Zhou
Anna Schreyer
Mark Ticktin
Alex Zapesochny

Important: This website uses cookies.tanya dokter More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl