Tom 7, Nr 5 (2022)
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Opublikowany online: 2022-08-26

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Eksport do Mediów Społecznościowych

Eksport do Mediów Społecznościowych

Cardiotoxicity in patients with early breast cancer treated with adjuvant trastuzumab

Joanna Kufel-Grabowska1, Sławomir Katarzyński2, Sebastian Szmit3, Mikołaj Bartoszkiewicz4, Maria Litwiniuk5
Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory 2022;7(5):336-341.

Streszczenie

Introduction Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Poland. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of cardiotoxicity in patients treated with adjunctive trastuzumab as well as to determine risk factors for cardiotoxicity. Material and methods The study covered 100 patients who completed one year of trastuzumab therapy or discontinued treatment due to acute cardiac complications. They underwent oncological, cardiological, questionnaire and laboratory follow-up. Results Acute cardiac complications (CC+) occurred in 11 (11%) patients. Patients in the CC+ group were more likely to have hypertension, ischemic heart disease, hypothyroidism, and were more likely to smoke compared to the group without cardiac complications (CC-). They had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction before, during and after trastuzumab therapy, and larger left ventricular dimensions in systole and diastole after treatment. The CC+ received a higher dose of anthracyclines compared to CC-. The NT-proBNP value remained elevated in the CC+ group after treatment, despite normal LVEF values, and was higher than in the CC- group. Conclusions Based on the study, type II cardiotoxicity, diagnosed early and treated appropriately, was found to be reversible.

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Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory