dostęp otwarty

Tom 2, Nr 1 (2017)
Artykuły oryginalne
Opublikowany online: 2017-08-25
Pobierz cytowanie

Immunohistochemical evaluation of bone metastases

Costantino Errani, Andreas F. Mavrogenis, Panayiotis D. Megaloikonomos, Thekla Antoniadou, Diego Antonioli, Sofia Avnet, Andrea Pellacani, Nicola Baldini
Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory 2017;2(1):1-6.

dostęp otwarty

Tom 2, Nr 1 (2017)
Artykuły oryginalne
Opublikowany online: 2017-08-25

Streszczenie

Introduction. Metastases are the most common type of malignancy involving the bone, while bone is the third most frequent site for metastases, after the lung and liver. In some patients, previous medical history, physical and laboratory examination are not conclusive to identify the primary tumor site. In such cases a bone biopsy and im­munohistochemical analysis may contribute to the diagnosis, determination of appropriate treatment and evaluation of prognosis. In this study, we tried to evaluate the imunochistochemical expression in bone metastases.

Material and methods. We reviewed 125 patients, with a mean age of 63 years, treated for bone metastases in our institution. All patients received palliative orthopaedic surgery for bone metastatic carcinoma. Fifty-eight patients had already an established diagnosis of the primary tumor, while 67 patients presented metastases with an unknown primary tumor origin. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to intra-operative bone biopsy specimens. The expression of cytokeratine 7, cytokeratin 20 and the expression of a panel of other organ-specific markers were re­corded. In patients with a known primary tumor, we examined the relationship between the origin of metastases, as suggested by the cytokeratin phenotype, compared with the one indicated by the initial histological diagnosis. We also recorded the efficacy of organ-specific markers to identify the primary tumor origin in epithelial bone metastases and we evaluated the prognosis between patients with a immunohistologically determined primary tumor origin, with those with an undetermined one.

Results. Associations of cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine 20 expression confirmed diagnosis in 51 out of the 58 patients (88%) with a known primary tumor (Cohen’s K test 0.79 SE 0.80, P < 0.0005). Immunohistochemical analysis also contributed to establish the diagnosis of patients with an unknown primary tumor, yielding diagnosis in 35 out of the 67 cases (52%). Patients with an immunochistologically undetermined primary tumor site presented a statisti­cally significant poorer prognosis.

Conclusions. Cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine20 are useful immunochistochemical markers in determining a pre­liminary evaluation of bone metastases. Organ-specific immunohistochemical markers have a reliable role in either suggesting or confirming the possible origin of metastases. An indeterminate immunohistochemical phenotype seems to relate to a less differentiated lesion, with a worse prognosis.

Introduction. Metastases are the most common type of malignancy involving the bone, while bone is the third most frequent site for metastases, after the lung and liver. In some patients, previous medical history, physical and laboratory examination are not conclusive to identify the primary tumor site. In such cases a bone biopsy and im­munohistochemical analysis may contribute to the diagnosis, determination of appropriate treatment and evaluation of prognosis. In this study, we tried to evaluate the imunochistochemical expression in bone metastases.

Material and methods. We reviewed 125 patients, with a mean age of 63 years, treated for bone metastases in our institution. All patients received palliative orthopaedic surgery for bone metastatic carcinoma. Fifty-eight patients had already an established diagnosis of the primary tumor, while 67 patients presented metastases with an unknown primary tumor origin. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to intra-operative bone biopsy specimens. The expression of cytokeratine 7, cytokeratin 20 and the expression of a panel of other organ-specific markers were re­corded. In patients with a known primary tumor, we examined the relationship between the origin of metastases, as suggested by the cytokeratin phenotype, compared with the one indicated by the initial histological diagnosis. We also recorded the efficacy of organ-specific markers to identify the primary tumor origin in epithelial bone metastases and we evaluated the prognosis between patients with a immunohistologically determined primary tumor origin, with those with an undetermined one.

Results. Associations of cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine 20 expression confirmed diagnosis in 51 out of the 58 patients (88%) with a known primary tumor (Cohen’s K test 0.79 SE 0.80, P < 0.0005). Immunohistochemical analysis also contributed to establish the diagnosis of patients with an unknown primary tumor, yielding diagnosis in 35 out of the 67 cases (52%). Patients with an immunochistologically undetermined primary tumor site presented a statisti­cally significant poorer prognosis.

Conclusions. Cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine20 are useful immunochistochemical markers in determining a pre­liminary evaluation of bone metastases. Organ-specific immunohistochemical markers have a reliable role in either suggesting or confirming the possible origin of metastases. An indeterminate immunohistochemical phenotype seems to relate to a less differentiated lesion, with a worse prognosis.

Streszczenie

Introduction. Metastases are the most common type of malignancy involving the bone, while bone is the third most frequent site for metastases, after the lung and liver. In some patients, previous medical history, physical and laboratory examination are not conclusive to identify the primary tumor site. In such cases a bone biopsy and im­munohistochemical analysis may contribute to the diagnosis, determination of appropriate treatment and evaluation of prognosis. In this study, we tried to evaluate the imunochistochemical expression in bone metastases.

Material and methods. We reviewed 125 patients, with a mean age of 63 years, treated for bone metastases in our institution. All patients received palliative orthopaedic surgery for bone metastatic carcinoma. Fifty-eight patients had already an established diagnosis of the primary tumor, while 67 patients presented metastases with an unknown primary tumor origin. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to intra-operative bone biopsy specimens. The expression of cytokeratine 7, cytokeratin 20 and the expression of a panel of other organ-specific markers were re­corded. In patients with a known primary tumor, we examined the relationship between the origin of metastases, as suggested by the cytokeratin phenotype, compared with the one indicated by the initial histological diagnosis. We also recorded the efficacy of organ-specific markers to identify the primary tumor origin in epithelial bone metastases and we evaluated the prognosis between patients with a immunohistologically determined primary tumor origin, with those with an undetermined one.

Results. Associations of cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine 20 expression confirmed diagnosis in 51 out of the 58 patients (88%) with a known primary tumor (Cohen’s K test 0.79 SE 0.80, P < 0.0005). Immunohistochemical analysis also contributed to establish the diagnosis of patients with an unknown primary tumor, yielding diagnosis in 35 out of the 67 cases (52%). Patients with an immunochistologically undetermined primary tumor site presented a statisti­cally significant poorer prognosis.

Conclusions. Cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine20 are useful immunochistochemical markers in determining a pre­liminary evaluation of bone metastases. Organ-specific immunohistochemical markers have a reliable role in either suggesting or confirming the possible origin of metastases. An indeterminate immunohistochemical phenotype seems to relate to a less differentiated lesion, with a worse prognosis.

Introduction. Metastases are the most common type of malignancy involving the bone, while bone is the third most frequent site for metastases, after the lung and liver. In some patients, previous medical history, physical and laboratory examination are not conclusive to identify the primary tumor site. In such cases a bone biopsy and im­munohistochemical analysis may contribute to the diagnosis, determination of appropriate treatment and evaluation of prognosis. In this study, we tried to evaluate the imunochistochemical expression in bone metastases.

Material and methods. We reviewed 125 patients, with a mean age of 63 years, treated for bone metastases in our institution. All patients received palliative orthopaedic surgery for bone metastatic carcinoma. Fifty-eight patients had already an established diagnosis of the primary tumor, while 67 patients presented metastases with an unknown primary tumor origin. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to intra-operative bone biopsy specimens. The expression of cytokeratine 7, cytokeratin 20 and the expression of a panel of other organ-specific markers were re­corded. In patients with a known primary tumor, we examined the relationship between the origin of metastases, as suggested by the cytokeratin phenotype, compared with the one indicated by the initial histological diagnosis. We also recorded the efficacy of organ-specific markers to identify the primary tumor origin in epithelial bone metastases and we evaluated the prognosis between patients with a immunohistologically determined primary tumor origin, with those with an undetermined one.

Results. Associations of cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine 20 expression confirmed diagnosis in 51 out of the 58 patients (88%) with a known primary tumor (Cohen’s K test 0.79 SE 0.80, P < 0.0005). Immunohistochemical analysis also contributed to establish the diagnosis of patients with an unknown primary tumor, yielding diagnosis in 35 out of the 67 cases (52%). Patients with an immunochistologically undetermined primary tumor site presented a statisti­cally significant poorer prognosis.

Conclusions. Cytokeratine 7 and cytokeratine20 are useful immunochistochemical markers in determining a pre­liminary evaluation of bone metastases. Organ-specific immunohistochemical markers have a reliable role in either suggesting or confirming the possible origin of metastases. An indeterminate immunohistochemical phenotype seems to relate to a less differentiated lesion, with a worse prognosis.

Pobierz cytowanie

Słowa kluczowe

bone metastases, immunohistochemistry, cytokeratine 7, cytokeratine 20, organ specific markers, cancer of unknown primary origin

Informacje o artykule
Tytuł

Immunohistochemical evaluation of bone metastases

Czasopismo

Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory

Numer

Tom 2, Nr 1 (2017)

Strony

1-6

Data publikacji on-line

2017-08-25

Rekord bibliograficzny

Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory 2017;2(1):1-6.

Słowa kluczowe

bone metastases
immunohistochemistry
cytokeratine 7
cytokeratine 20
organ specific markers
cancer of unknown primary origin

Autorzy

Costantino Errani
Andreas F. Mavrogenis
Panayiotis D. Megaloikonomos
Thekla Antoniadou
Diego Antonioli
Sofia Avnet
Andrea Pellacani
Nicola Baldini

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