dostęp otwarty

Tom 1, Nr 3 (2016)
Artykuły oryginalne
Opublikowany online: 2017-06-13
Pobierz cytowanie

Comparison of 3D-CRT and IMRT techniques in radiotherapy for post-prostatectomy patients with a higher risk of nodal involvement

Maria Poncyljusz, Paweł Kukołowicz, Joanna Chorąży, Beata Czyżew, Anna Jankowska, Anna Paciorkiewicz, Piotr Pęczkowski, Małgorzata Pilichowska, Anna Zawadzka
Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory 2016;1(3):223-227.

dostęp otwarty

Tom 1, Nr 3 (2016)
Artykuły oryginalne
Opublikowany online: 2017-06-13

Streszczenie

Background. Irradiation of a larger volume of the target may lead to an increase of the doses delivered to the surrounding organs at risk (OAR) for post-prostatectomy patients with a higher risk of nodal involvement. It was anticipated that IMRT significantly improved OAR sparing. The aim of this study was to provide a dosimetric comparison between conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment plans for patients with prostate cancer irradiated to the prostate bed and pelvic lymph-nodal area.

Materials and methods. The 3D-CRT and IMRT plans were created for ten patients after prostatectomy. The treatment plans were generated for the prostate bed (PTV1) and the pelvic lymph nodes (PTV2). The sum of PTV1 and PTV2 was irradiated to a mean dose of 46 Gy in 23 fractions, and additionally PTV1 was irradiated to a mean dose of 18 Gy in 9 fractions. Target coverage and the doses delivered to the pelvic bones, the rectum, the bladder, the bowel bag, and the femurs, were compared between techniques. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the dosimetric parameters.

Results. The dosimetric quality of 3D-CRT and IMRT plans were comparable for target coverage (the mean value of PTV1 V95%, the mean value of PTV2 V95% all > 99%). The IMRT plans resulted in significant reductions in the pelvic bones V30[%], V40[%], the rectum V40[%], V50[%], V60[%], the bladder V40[%], V50[%], V60[%], the bowel bag V45[cc] and the femurs V40[%].

Conclusions. The analysis presented in this paper demonstrates that the IMRT technique reduces the delivered dose to the OARs. Most interesting was the possibility of reducing the delivered dose to the pelvic bones and the bowel bag. This allowed us to expect a decreased risk of acute hematologic toxicity and acute gastrointestinal toxicity.

Streszczenie

Background. Irradiation of a larger volume of the target may lead to an increase of the doses delivered to the surrounding organs at risk (OAR) for post-prostatectomy patients with a higher risk of nodal involvement. It was anticipated that IMRT significantly improved OAR sparing. The aim of this study was to provide a dosimetric comparison between conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment plans for patients with prostate cancer irradiated to the prostate bed and pelvic lymph-nodal area.

Materials and methods. The 3D-CRT and IMRT plans were created for ten patients after prostatectomy. The treatment plans were generated for the prostate bed (PTV1) and the pelvic lymph nodes (PTV2). The sum of PTV1 and PTV2 was irradiated to a mean dose of 46 Gy in 23 fractions, and additionally PTV1 was irradiated to a mean dose of 18 Gy in 9 fractions. Target coverage and the doses delivered to the pelvic bones, the rectum, the bladder, the bowel bag, and the femurs, were compared between techniques. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare the dosimetric parameters.

Results. The dosimetric quality of 3D-CRT and IMRT plans were comparable for target coverage (the mean value of PTV1 V95%, the mean value of PTV2 V95% all > 99%). The IMRT plans resulted in significant reductions in the pelvic bones V30[%], V40[%], the rectum V40[%], V50[%], V60[%], the bladder V40[%], V50[%], V60[%], the bowel bag V45[cc] and the femurs V40[%].

Conclusions. The analysis presented in this paper demonstrates that the IMRT technique reduces the delivered dose to the OARs. Most interesting was the possibility of reducing the delivered dose to the pelvic bones and the bowel bag. This allowed us to expect a decreased risk of acute hematologic toxicity and acute gastrointestinal toxicity.

Pobierz cytowanie

Słowa kluczowe

postoperative radiotherapy, prostate cancer, intensity modulated radiotherapy, hematologic toxicity

Informacje o artykule
Tytuł

Comparison of 3D-CRT and IMRT techniques in radiotherapy for post-prostatectomy patients with a higher risk of nodal involvement

Czasopismo

Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory

Numer

Tom 1, Nr 3 (2016)

Strony

223-227

Data publikacji on-line

2017-06-13

Rekord bibliograficzny

Biuletyn Polskiego Towarzystwa Onkologicznego Nowotwory 2016;1(3):223-227.

Słowa kluczowe

postoperative radiotherapy
prostate cancer
intensity modulated radiotherapy
hematologic toxicity

Autorzy

Maria Poncyljusz
Paweł Kukołowicz
Joanna Chorąży
Beata Czyżew
Anna Jankowska
Anna Paciorkiewicz
Piotr Pęczkowski
Małgorzata Pilichowska
Anna Zawadzka

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