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Vol 3, No 1 (2004): Polish Palliative Medicine
Artykuły poglądowe
Published online: 2003-10-27
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Brain metastases

Agnieszka Żyromska, Roman Makarewicz
Advances in Palliative Medicine 2004;3(1):27-32.

open access

Vol 3, No 1 (2004): Polish Palliative Medicine
Artykuły poglądowe
Published online: 2003-10-27

Abstract

Brain metastases are the most common intracranial tumors and the most frequent neurologic complication of disseminated cancer. Diagnosis and differentiation are based on imaging studies (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) and in doubtful cases — brain biopsy. Corticosteroids and, according to patient’s specific circumstances, radiotherapy (whole brain radiotherapy, radiosurgery, brachytherapy), surgery and chemotherapy are methods of treatment. The most effective therapeutical strategy in respect of median survival is surgical resection or radiosurgery in conjunction with whole brain radiotherapy. Bringing into treatment new cytotoxic drug - temozolomide - promises an improvement of the treatment efficacy in patients qualified to chemotherapy.

Abstract

Brain metastases are the most common intracranial tumors and the most frequent neurologic complication of disseminated cancer. Diagnosis and differentiation are based on imaging studies (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) and in doubtful cases — brain biopsy. Corticosteroids and, according to patient’s specific circumstances, radiotherapy (whole brain radiotherapy, radiosurgery, brachytherapy), surgery and chemotherapy are methods of treatment. The most effective therapeutical strategy in respect of median survival is surgical resection or radiosurgery in conjunction with whole brain radiotherapy. Bringing into treatment new cytotoxic drug - temozolomide - promises an improvement of the treatment efficacy in patients qualified to chemotherapy.
Get Citation

Keywords

brain metastases; computed tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; corticosteroids; radiotherapy; surgery; chemotherapy

About this article
Title

Brain metastases

Journal

Advances in Palliative Medicine

Issue

Vol 3, No 1 (2004): Polish Palliative Medicine

Pages

27-32

Published online

2003-10-27

Bibliographic record

Advances in Palliative Medicine 2004;3(1):27-32.

Keywords

brain metastases
computed tomography
magnetic resonance imaging
corticosteroids
radiotherapy
surgery
chemotherapy

Authors

Agnieszka Żyromska
Roman Makarewicz

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