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open access

Vol 6, No 1 (2007)
Original articles
Published online: 2007-02-22
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The perception of purpose and sense of life and satisfaction in young people with cancer and rheumatic disease

Grażyna Cepuch, Jan Dobrogowski, Jerzy Wordliczek
Advances in Palliative Medicine 2007;6(1):3-12.

open access

Vol 6, No 1 (2007)
Original articles
Published online: 2007-02-22

Abstract

Introduction. A cancer or rheumatic disease or and its associated bio-psycho-social connotations may affect the perception of purpose and sense of life in young patients. The intensity of emotional states and their changeability often obscures the boundary between physical and mental pain, significantly impinges on the lifestyle, threatens the basic values, the social roles played as well as the world outlook and their own identity. For someone entering adult life disrupted by a chronic illness and frequent attendant difficult experiences, the perception of purpose and sense of life acquires particular significance.
Material and methods. The study involved 124 young people of both sexes between 14 and 20 years of age hospitalised for cancer (group I - 82 patients) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (group II - 42 patients). Pain intensity was measured the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Cantril's Self- Anchoring Ladder was used to assess life satisfaction, whereas the PIL (Purpose in Life) Test was used to evaluate the perception of sense and purpose in life.
Results. Young patients registered high scores as regards their life, both current and anticipated and also demonstrated a clear purpose and sense in life regardless of group.
Conclusions. No significant connections between pain intensity and satisfaction in life were found. Such a result may have been influenced by the low pain intensity. Young patients demonstrated a sense of purpose in life, but their hierarchy of values and priorities in life was influenced by the kind of disease and the associated awareness of life in danger.

Abstract

Introduction. A cancer or rheumatic disease or and its associated bio-psycho-social connotations may affect the perception of purpose and sense of life in young patients. The intensity of emotional states and their changeability often obscures the boundary between physical and mental pain, significantly impinges on the lifestyle, threatens the basic values, the social roles played as well as the world outlook and their own identity. For someone entering adult life disrupted by a chronic illness and frequent attendant difficult experiences, the perception of purpose and sense of life acquires particular significance.
Material and methods. The study involved 124 young people of both sexes between 14 and 20 years of age hospitalised for cancer (group I - 82 patients) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (group II - 42 patients). Pain intensity was measured the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Cantril's Self- Anchoring Ladder was used to assess life satisfaction, whereas the PIL (Purpose in Life) Test was used to evaluate the perception of sense and purpose in life.
Results. Young patients registered high scores as regards their life, both current and anticipated and also demonstrated a clear purpose and sense in life regardless of group.
Conclusions. No significant connections between pain intensity and satisfaction in life were found. Such a result may have been influenced by the low pain intensity. Young patients demonstrated a sense of purpose in life, but their hierarchy of values and priorities in life was influenced by the kind of disease and the associated awareness of life in danger.
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Keywords

adolescents; satisfaction; sense of life; cancer; idiopathic arthritis; pain intensity

About this article
Title

The perception of purpose and sense of life and satisfaction in young people with cancer and rheumatic disease

Journal

Advances in Palliative Medicine

Issue

Vol 6, No 1 (2007)

Pages

3-12

Published online

2007-02-22

Bibliographic record

Advances in Palliative Medicine 2007;6(1):3-12.

Keywords

adolescents
satisfaction
sense of life
cancer
idiopathic arthritis
pain intensity

Authors

Grażyna Cepuch
Jan Dobrogowski
Jerzy Wordliczek

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