Vol 44, No 3 (2013)
Prace poglądowe / Reviews
Published online: 2013-07-01

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Massive molecular screening for identifying RhD negative blood donors with D weak expression

Ewa Brojer, Katarzyna Guz1, Agnieszka Orzińska1, Monika Pelc-Kłopotowska1, Bogumiła Michalewska1
DOI: 10.1016/j.achaem.2013.07.005
Acta Haematol Pol 2013;44(3):260-264.

Abstract

One of the basic rules of transfusion is to prevent alloimmunisation by highly immunogenic RhD antigen and not to transfuse RhD negative individuals with RhD positive blood. In some cases the expression of this antigen is so weak that it is undetectable in routine serological tests. The paper presents an algorithm for mass DNA testing with the purpose of identifying donors with low RhD expression. The screening is based on RHD gene detection (absent in RhD negative Caucasians) in DNA isolated from pools of 96 plasma samples from blood donors identified as RhD negative by the routine serological methods in Blood Transfusion Centers. Such procedure substantially reduces the costs. Plasma samples can be brought from the territory of the whole country, stored and accumulated for testing in one selected center. The cost would amount to approximately 25 PLN per donor. The test is performed once for each RhD negative individual. It is estimated that such persons will represent approximately 0.2% of RhD negative donors.

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