open access

Vol 28, No 1 (2022)
Research paper
Published online: 2022-05-02
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Proximal vertebral artery surgery. Results of treatment of ischemia of the rhombencephalon (hindbrain). Simultaneous carotid and vertebral artery decompression procedures.

Magda Judyta Czajkowska1, Barbara Joanna Wolf2, Grzegorz Oszkinis3, Andrzej Tadeusz Dorobisz2
DOI: 10.5603/AA.2022.0004
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Acta Angiologica 2022;28(1):8-15.
Affiliations
  1. The Department of Pharmacy of the Regional Blood Donation Centre in Wroclaw, Poland, ul. Czerwonego Krzyża 5-9, 50-345 Wrocław, Poland
  2. Medical UniversityPiastów Śląskich. Wrocław, ul.Pasteura 1, 50-629 Wrocław, Poland
  3. Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Opole, ul. Witosa 26, 45-418 Opole, Poland

open access

Vol 28, No 1 (2022)
Original papers
Published online: 2022-05-02

Abstract

Surgical treatment of hindbrain ischemia is becoming the accepted surgical procedure in cases of stenosis of extracranial segments of vertebral arteries in the course of advanced atherosclerotic lesions in their initial segments (V1) or caused by external compression of these arteries in the canal formed by the transverse processes of cervical vertebrae. The latter is referred to as vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI). The transposition of the left vertebral artery to the common carotid artery in cases where stent graft implantation is necessary with coverage of the subclavian artery and possible blood supply disorders of both the hindbrain and the spinal cord has become important. In the Department of Vascular Surgery at the Medical University in Wrocław , in 58 out of 76 patients treated for ischemia of the hindbrain, the procedures were performed in the distal vertebral artery. The authors present the diagnosis of 18 patients treated surgically for stenosis or kinking of vertebral arteries in their first segment. In 12 cases, the procedure was performed with simultaneous unblocking of significantly narrowed left internal carotid artery. The material includes patients operated on between 1994 and 2018, most of whom had a good or very good outcome with zero mortality.

Abstract

Surgical treatment of hindbrain ischemia is becoming the accepted surgical procedure in cases of stenosis of extracranial segments of vertebral arteries in the course of advanced atherosclerotic lesions in their initial segments (V1) or caused by external compression of these arteries in the canal formed by the transverse processes of cervical vertebrae. The latter is referred to as vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI). The transposition of the left vertebral artery to the common carotid artery in cases where stent graft implantation is necessary with coverage of the subclavian artery and possible blood supply disorders of both the hindbrain and the spinal cord has become important. In the Department of Vascular Surgery at the Medical University in Wrocław , in 58 out of 76 patients treated for ischemia of the hindbrain, the procedures were performed in the distal vertebral artery. The authors present the diagnosis of 18 patients treated surgically for stenosis or kinking of vertebral arteries in their first segment. In 12 cases, the procedure was performed with simultaneous unblocking of significantly narrowed left internal carotid artery. The material includes patients operated on between 1994 and 2018, most of whom had a good or very good outcome with zero mortality.

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Keywords

vertebral artery surgery, diagnosis, concomitant carotid artery endarterectomy procedures.

About this article
Title

Proximal vertebral artery surgery. Results of treatment of ischemia of the rhombencephalon (hindbrain). Simultaneous carotid and vertebral artery decompression procedures.

Journal

Acta Angiologica

Issue

Vol 28, No 1 (2022)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

8-15

Published online

2022-05-02

Page views

1018

Article views/downloads

116

DOI

10.5603/AA.2022.0004

Bibliographic record

Acta Angiologica 2022;28(1):8-15.

Keywords

vertebral artery surgery
diagnosis
concomitant carotid artery endarterectomy procedures.

Authors

Magda Judyta Czajkowska
Barbara Joanna Wolf
Grzegorz Oszkinis
Andrzej Tadeusz Dorobisz

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