open access

Vol 10, No 3 (2004)
Review papers
Published online: 2004-07-13
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Thoracic outlet syndrome

Anna Szarnecka-Sojda
Acta Angiologica 2004;10(3):99-112.

open access

Vol 10, No 3 (2004)
Review papers
Published online: 2004-07-13

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the etiopathogenesis, symptoms and treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). In 80% of the treated cases, patients suffered from pain in their compressed shoulder plexus. Both conservative treatment and systematic rehabilitation therapy are successful and lessen the above symptoms, which leads to regression of the above symptoms from the side of the shoulder plexus. Herewith are presented some considerations on early diagnosis and treatment of a vascular form of thoracic outlet syndrome. The emphasis has been put on the long-term results of the operation treatment. The case has been presented that when TOS appears together with recurrent vascular complications, conditions develop which may result in the loss of a limb or lead to invalidism. The only possible treatment in such a case appears to be resection of the first rib providing there is no incorrect anatomy in the area of the shoulder girdle. In case of acute thrombosis, endovascular treatment is applied together with operative procedure of decompression. Such treatment and therapy make it possible for the patients to make a full and speedy recovery from their illness.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to present the etiopathogenesis, symptoms and treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). In 80% of the treated cases, patients suffered from pain in their compressed shoulder plexus. Both conservative treatment and systematic rehabilitation therapy are successful and lessen the above symptoms, which leads to regression of the above symptoms from the side of the shoulder plexus. Herewith are presented some considerations on early diagnosis and treatment of a vascular form of thoracic outlet syndrome. The emphasis has been put on the long-term results of the operation treatment. The case has been presented that when TOS appears together with recurrent vascular complications, conditions develop which may result in the loss of a limb or lead to invalidism. The only possible treatment in such a case appears to be resection of the first rib providing there is no incorrect anatomy in the area of the shoulder girdle. In case of acute thrombosis, endovascular treatment is applied together with operative procedure of decompression. Such treatment and therapy make it possible for the patients to make a full and speedy recovery from their illness.
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Keywords

thoracic outlet syndrome; Paget-Schroetter syndrome; neurogenic syndrome; thrombolysis; thrombectomy; resection of the first rib

About this article
Title

Thoracic outlet syndrome

Journal

Acta Angiologica

Issue

Vol 10, No 3 (2004)

Pages

99-112

Published online

2004-07-13

Bibliographic record

Acta Angiologica 2004;10(3):99-112.

Keywords

thoracic outlet syndrome
Paget-Schroetter syndrome
neurogenic syndrome
thrombolysis
thrombectomy
resection of the first rib

Authors

Anna Szarnecka-Sojda

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