open access

Vol 17, No 2 (2012)
Published online: 2012-03-01
Submitted: 2011-09-08
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Segmented photon beams technique for irradiation of postmastectomy patients

Anna Semaniak, Zbigniew Jodkiewicz, Anna Skowrońska-Gardas
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2012.01.008
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2012;17(2):85-92.

open access

Vol 17, No 2 (2012)
Published online: 2012-03-01
Submitted: 2011-09-08

Abstract

Aim

To present the segmented photon beams technique (SPBT) for irradiation of postmastectomy patients.

Background

In majority of techniques for irradiation of posmastectomy patients, a few adjacent photon or electron beams were usually implemented in order to encompass different parts of the target. In the presented SPBT technique, the radiotherapy plan consists of 6 isocentric photon beams and the area CTV includes both the chest wall and the supraclavicular area. This makes it possible to provide a uniform dose to the CTV with no hot and cold points and enables the determination of doses for the entire volume of critical organs.

Methods and material

The treatment forward-IMRT plan comprises six isocentric 4 and 15[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]MV photon beams. Modulation of the dose distribution for each field was obtained by applying three segments on average. The total dose of 45[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy was administered in 20 fractions. Dose distributions in target volume and organs at risk were evaluated for 70 randomly chosen patients.

Results

On average, 94.8% of the CTV volume received doses within 95–107% of the prescribed dose. The average volume of the heart receiving a dose of 30[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and lager was 2% for patients with left breast cancer. The average dose to the lung on the irradiation side was always lower than 15.5[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and the average V20[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy was below 35.5%.

Conclusions

The SPBT complies with requirements for high dose homogeneity within the target volume and satisfactory level of sparing of organs at risk.

Abstract

Aim

To present the segmented photon beams technique (SPBT) for irradiation of postmastectomy patients.

Background

In majority of techniques for irradiation of posmastectomy patients, a few adjacent photon or electron beams were usually implemented in order to encompass different parts of the target. In the presented SPBT technique, the radiotherapy plan consists of 6 isocentric photon beams and the area CTV includes both the chest wall and the supraclavicular area. This makes it possible to provide a uniform dose to the CTV with no hot and cold points and enables the determination of doses for the entire volume of critical organs.

Methods and material

The treatment forward-IMRT plan comprises six isocentric 4 and 15[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]MV photon beams. Modulation of the dose distribution for each field was obtained by applying three segments on average. The total dose of 45[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy was administered in 20 fractions. Dose distributions in target volume and organs at risk were evaluated for 70 randomly chosen patients.

Results

On average, 94.8% of the CTV volume received doses within 95–107% of the prescribed dose. The average volume of the heart receiving a dose of 30[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and lager was 2% for patients with left breast cancer. The average dose to the lung on the irradiation side was always lower than 15.5[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy and the average V20[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy was below 35.5%.

Conclusions

The SPBT complies with requirements for high dose homogeneity within the target volume and satisfactory level of sparing of organs at risk.

Get Citation

Keywords

Postmastectomy irradiation technique; Dose distribution; Forward – IMRT

About this article
Title

Segmented photon beams technique for irradiation of postmastectomy patients

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 17, No 2 (2012)

Pages

85-92

Published online

2012-03-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2012.01.008

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2012;17(2):85-92.

Keywords

Postmastectomy irradiation technique
Dose distribution
Forward – IMRT

Authors

Anna Semaniak
Zbigniew Jodkiewicz
Anna Skowrońska-Gardas

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