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Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Published online: 2012-01-01
Submitted: 2011-04-18
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Investigating micronucleus assay applicability for prediction of normal tissue intrinsic radiosensitivity in gynecological cancer patients

Elitsa Encheva, Sofia Deleva, Rositsa Hristova, Valeria Hadjidekova, Tatiana Hadjieva
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2011.10.002
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2012;17(1):24-31.

open access

Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Published online: 2012-01-01
Submitted: 2011-04-18

Abstract

Background

Pelvic organs morbidity after irradiation of cancer patients remains a major problem although new technologies have been developed and implemented. A relatively simple and suitable method for routine clinical practice is needed for preliminary assessment of normal tissue intrinsic radiosensitivity. The micronucleus test (MNT) determines the frequency of the radiation induced micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes, which could serve as an indicator of intrinsic cell radiosensitivity.

Aim

To investigate a possible use of the micronucleus test (MNT) for acute radiation morbidity prediction in gynecological cancer patients.

Materials and methods

Forty gynecological cancer patients received 50[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy conventional external pelvic irradiation after radical surgery. A four-field “box” technique was applied with 2D planning. The control group included 10 healthy females.

Acute normal tissue reactions were graded according to NCI CTCAE v.3.0. From all reaction scores, the highest score named “summarized clinical radiosensitivity” was selected for a statistical analysis.

MNT was performed before and after in vitro irradiation with 1.5[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy. The mean radiation induced frequency of micronuclei per 1000 binucleated cells (MN/1000) and lymphocytes containing micronuclei per 1000 binucleated cells (cells with MN/1000) were evaluated for both patients and controls.

An arbitrary cut off value was created to pick up a radiosensitive individual: the mean value of spontaneous frequency of cells with MN/1000[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]±[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]2SD, found in the control group.

Results

Both mean spontaneous frequency of cells with MN/1000 and MN/1000 were registered to be significantly higher in cancer patients compared to the control group (t[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]2.46, p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.02 and t[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]2.51, p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.02). No statistical difference was registered when comparing radiation induced MN frequencies between those groups.

Eighty percent (32) of patients developed grade 2 summarized clinical radiosensitivity, with great variations in MNT parameters. Only three patients with grade 2 “summarized clinical radiosensitivity” had values of cells with MN/1000 above the chosen radiosensitivity threshold.

Conclusion

The present study was not able to confirm in vitro MNT applicability for radiosensitivity prediction in pelvic irradiation.

Abstract

Background

Pelvic organs morbidity after irradiation of cancer patients remains a major problem although new technologies have been developed and implemented. A relatively simple and suitable method for routine clinical practice is needed for preliminary assessment of normal tissue intrinsic radiosensitivity. The micronucleus test (MNT) determines the frequency of the radiation induced micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes, which could serve as an indicator of intrinsic cell radiosensitivity.

Aim

To investigate a possible use of the micronucleus test (MNT) for acute radiation morbidity prediction in gynecological cancer patients.

Materials and methods

Forty gynecological cancer patients received 50[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy conventional external pelvic irradiation after radical surgery. A four-field “box” technique was applied with 2D planning. The control group included 10 healthy females.

Acute normal tissue reactions were graded according to NCI CTCAE v.3.0. From all reaction scores, the highest score named “summarized clinical radiosensitivity” was selected for a statistical analysis.

MNT was performed before and after in vitro irradiation with 1.5[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy. The mean radiation induced frequency of micronuclei per 1000 binucleated cells (MN/1000) and lymphocytes containing micronuclei per 1000 binucleated cells (cells with MN/1000) were evaluated for both patients and controls.

An arbitrary cut off value was created to pick up a radiosensitive individual: the mean value of spontaneous frequency of cells with MN/1000[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]±[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]2SD, found in the control group.

Results

Both mean spontaneous frequency of cells with MN/1000 and MN/1000 were registered to be significantly higher in cancer patients compared to the control group (t[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]2.46, p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.02 and t[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]2.51, p[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]=[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]0.02). No statistical difference was registered when comparing radiation induced MN frequencies between those groups.

Eighty percent (32) of patients developed grade 2 summarized clinical radiosensitivity, with great variations in MNT parameters. Only three patients with grade 2 “summarized clinical radiosensitivity” had values of cells with MN/1000 above the chosen radiosensitivity threshold.

Conclusion

The present study was not able to confirm in vitro MNT applicability for radiosensitivity prediction in pelvic irradiation.

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Keywords

Pelvic irradiation; Normal tissue radiosensitivity; Micronucleus test; Predictive methods

About this article
Title

Investigating micronucleus assay applicability for prediction of normal tissue intrinsic radiosensitivity in gynecological cancer patients

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 17, No 1 (2012)

Pages

24-31

Published online

2012-01-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2011.10.002

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2012;17(1):24-31.

Keywords

Pelvic irradiation
Normal tissue radiosensitivity
Micronucleus test
Predictive methods

Authors

Elitsa Encheva
Sofia Deleva
Rositsa Hristova
Valeria Hadjidekova
Tatiana Hadjieva

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