open access

Vol 16, No 6 (2011)
Published online: 2011-11-01
Submitted: 2011-05-23
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Degree of tumor regression after preoperative chemo-radiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer—Preliminary results

Iglika Mihaylova, Vesselina Parvanova, Chanita Velikova, Galia Kurteva, Doroteya Ivanova
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2011.06.008
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2011;16(6):237-242.

open access

Vol 16, No 6 (2011)
Published online: 2011-11-01
Submitted: 2011-05-23

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this investigation is to determine the degree of tumor regression by histopathological evaluation of surgical specimen after neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy for patients with stage IIIB rectal cancer.

Background

The standard therapy for rectal carcinoma is surgical, however, preoperative radiochemotherapy will play an increasing role especially in locally advanced disease. To estimate the prognosis and the effect of radiochemotherapy the postradiochemotherapeutical pathological features are important to assess.

Materials and methods

Ten patients with cT3–4, cN1 stage rectal cancer received preoperative chemo-radiotherapy. A total tumor dose of 50[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy was applied to all patients, with a daily fraction of 2[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy, 5 times a week, with concomitant Capecitabine 1650[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mg/m2. A pathomorphologic assessment of the therapeutic response of the residual tumor volumes and estimation of tumor control were performed using Dworak's system of tumor regression grading (TRD) from no regression (0) to a complete tumor control (4).

Results

Dworak's TRD for the examined patients is as follows: in 20% of the patients no tumor regression was observed – Grade 0, in 30% – Grade 1, in 20% – Grade 2 and in 30% a complete tumor regression was achieved – Grade 4. Four of the patients (40%) presented with borderline resectable tumors before the neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy. Nine of the patients (90%) underwent radical surgery. In one case (10%) a radical surgery was not possible. One patient (10%) developed severe radiation enteritis in both the early and late postoperative period, with her tumor regression evaluated as Grade 4.

Conclusion

Accurate evaluation of local tumor control using Dworak's tumor regression grading scale after preoperative chemo-radiotherapy gives the basis for a larger investigation and search for a correlation with the prognosis of the disease and individual choice of adjuvant treatment.

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this investigation is to determine the degree of tumor regression by histopathological evaluation of surgical specimen after neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy for patients with stage IIIB rectal cancer.

Background

The standard therapy for rectal carcinoma is surgical, however, preoperative radiochemotherapy will play an increasing role especially in locally advanced disease. To estimate the prognosis and the effect of radiochemotherapy the postradiochemotherapeutical pathological features are important to assess.

Materials and methods

Ten patients with cT3–4, cN1 stage rectal cancer received preoperative chemo-radiotherapy. A total tumor dose of 50[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy was applied to all patients, with a daily fraction of 2[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]Gy, 5 times a week, with concomitant Capecitabine 1650[[ce:hsp sp="0.25"/]]mg/m2. A pathomorphologic assessment of the therapeutic response of the residual tumor volumes and estimation of tumor control were performed using Dworak's system of tumor regression grading (TRD) from no regression (0) to a complete tumor control (4).

Results

Dworak's TRD for the examined patients is as follows: in 20% of the patients no tumor regression was observed – Grade 0, in 30% – Grade 1, in 20% – Grade 2 and in 30% a complete tumor regression was achieved – Grade 4. Four of the patients (40%) presented with borderline resectable tumors before the neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy. Nine of the patients (90%) underwent radical surgery. In one case (10%) a radical surgery was not possible. One patient (10%) developed severe radiation enteritis in both the early and late postoperative period, with her tumor regression evaluated as Grade 4.

Conclusion

Accurate evaluation of local tumor control using Dworak's tumor regression grading scale after preoperative chemo-radiotherapy gives the basis for a larger investigation and search for a correlation with the prognosis of the disease and individual choice of adjuvant treatment.

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Keywords

Rectal cancer; Preoperative treatment; Chemo-radiotherapy; Tumor regression grade

About this article
Title

Degree of tumor regression after preoperative chemo-radiotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer—Preliminary results

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 16, No 6 (2011)

Pages

237-242

Published online

2011-11-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2011.06.008

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2011;16(6):237-242.

Keywords

Rectal cancer
Preoperative treatment
Chemo-radiotherapy
Tumor regression grade

Authors

Iglika Mihaylova
Vesselina Parvanova
Chanita Velikova
Galia Kurteva
Doroteya Ivanova

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