open access

Vol 16, No 6 (2011)
Published online: 2011-11-01
Submitted: 2011-04-30
Get Citation

Preliminary experience in sentinel node and occult lesion localization (SNOLL) technique—One center study

Beata Adamczyk, Murawa Dawid, Połom Karol, Spychała Arkadiusz, Nowaczyk Piotr, Murawa Paweł
DOI: 10.1016/j.rpor.2011.08.004
·
Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2011;16(6):221-226.

open access

Vol 16, No 6 (2011)
Published online: 2011-11-01
Submitted: 2011-04-30

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to present one center experience in applying the SNOLL technique to patients with suspected occult breast lesions.

Background

In the last years, the widespread use of mammographic screening programs resulted in an increasing number of women with nonpalpable suspicious breast lesions requiring further examination. The new method called sentinel node and occult lesion localization (SNOLL) enables the intraoperative detection of nonpalpable breast tumors and sentinel node biopsy in one surgical procedure.

Materials and methods

46 patients with suspected malignant lesions or diagnosed non-palpable breast cancer were subjected to a pre-operative SNOLL procedure. The day before the surgery, they were administered two radiotracers: one to localize the tumor and the other to localize the sentinel node. During the surgery, the breast tumor and the sentinel node, which in most cases had been examined intraoperatively, were detected with a handheld gamma probe and resected under its control.

Results

All 46 (100%) patients had their occult breast lesions resected. Histopathologic examination revealed cancer in 40 patients: in situ in 2 cases, invasive in 38 cases. All these patients had their sentinel nodes examined. In one case only, the sentinel node could not be located with a gamma probe. Intraoperative tests showed the sentinel node to be metastatic in 5 patients, who were then given a simultaneous axillary lymphadenectomy. In addition, the final histopathologic examination revealed metastasis to the sentinel node in one patient, who had to be reoperated.

Conclusion

SNOLL is a modern technique that enables a precise intraoperative localization of non-palpable suspected malignant breast lesions in combination with a sentinel node biopsy. Extended application of intraoperative management leads to significant decrease in the number of reoperations performed in patients with early bread cancer.

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to present one center experience in applying the SNOLL technique to patients with suspected occult breast lesions.

Background

In the last years, the widespread use of mammographic screening programs resulted in an increasing number of women with nonpalpable suspicious breast lesions requiring further examination. The new method called sentinel node and occult lesion localization (SNOLL) enables the intraoperative detection of nonpalpable breast tumors and sentinel node biopsy in one surgical procedure.

Materials and methods

46 patients with suspected malignant lesions or diagnosed non-palpable breast cancer were subjected to a pre-operative SNOLL procedure. The day before the surgery, they were administered two radiotracers: one to localize the tumor and the other to localize the sentinel node. During the surgery, the breast tumor and the sentinel node, which in most cases had been examined intraoperatively, were detected with a handheld gamma probe and resected under its control.

Results

All 46 (100%) patients had their occult breast lesions resected. Histopathologic examination revealed cancer in 40 patients: in situ in 2 cases, invasive in 38 cases. All these patients had their sentinel nodes examined. In one case only, the sentinel node could not be located with a gamma probe. Intraoperative tests showed the sentinel node to be metastatic in 5 patients, who were then given a simultaneous axillary lymphadenectomy. In addition, the final histopathologic examination revealed metastasis to the sentinel node in one patient, who had to be reoperated.

Conclusion

SNOLL is a modern technique that enables a precise intraoperative localization of non-palpable suspected malignant breast lesions in combination with a sentinel node biopsy. Extended application of intraoperative management leads to significant decrease in the number of reoperations performed in patients with early bread cancer.

Get Citation

Keywords

Nonpalpable breast cancer; Sentinel node biopsy; Radioisotopes; SNOLL

About this article
Title

Preliminary experience in sentinel node and occult lesion localization (SNOLL) technique—One center study

Journal

Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy

Issue

Vol 16, No 6 (2011)

Pages

221-226

Published online

2011-11-01

DOI

10.1016/j.rpor.2011.08.004

Bibliographic record

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2011;16(6):221-226.

Keywords

Nonpalpable breast cancer
Sentinel node biopsy
Radioisotopes
SNOLL

Authors

Beata Adamczyk
Murawa Dawid
Połom Karol
Spychała Arkadiusz
Nowaczyk Piotr
Murawa Paweł

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland
tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, fax:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: journals@viamedica.pl