open access

Vol 18, No 2 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-04-01
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Are the COVID-19 survivors future patients of psychiatrists and psychologists? A rapid literature review

Marta Makara-Studzińska, Maciej Załuski, Jakub Lickiewicz
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.2021.0013
·
Psychiatria 2021;18(2):140-151.

open access

Vol 18, No 2 (2021)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane
Published online: 2021-04-01

Abstract

Studies of patients treated for viral respiratory diseases have shown a higher level of PTSD, psychological stress,
obsessive-compulsive disorders, insomnia, suicidal thoughts, psychoactive substance abuse and social anxiety
than in the general population. Probably COVID-19 would cause similar, long-term health consequences in the
group of survivors.
The research aims to evaluate the mental health problems of COVID-19 survivors. The databases MEDLINE (by
PubMed), EMBASE and SCOPUS were searched. The articles published between 1st of January and 30 of December
2020 were analysed.
Out of 142 articles, 40 papers were analyzed, fifteen of them were research articles, four a systematic review,
and 21 were a literature review. The analysis confirmed the occurrence of mood disorder, PTSD, a decrease of
cognitive functions, quality of life and life independence in the group of COVID-19 survivors. The results are
confirmed both in comparative and cohort studies. Age, psychiatric treatment history, life independence and
treatment in the ICU should be perceived as risk factors of worsening mental disorders, deterioration of cognitive
functions and loss of life independence because of COVID-19. Those consequences are based on physiological,
psychological and social pathomechanisms.
Physical and mental problems should be expected in a group of COVID-19 survivors. It requires taking preventive
actions during the patient’s stay in an infectious disease hospital and creating multi-specialist therapeutic
programs. There is a need for future randomized screening and comparison studies in this issue.

Abstract

Studies of patients treated for viral respiratory diseases have shown a higher level of PTSD, psychological stress,
obsessive-compulsive disorders, insomnia, suicidal thoughts, psychoactive substance abuse and social anxiety
than in the general population. Probably COVID-19 would cause similar, long-term health consequences in the
group of survivors.
The research aims to evaluate the mental health problems of COVID-19 survivors. The databases MEDLINE (by
PubMed), EMBASE and SCOPUS were searched. The articles published between 1st of January and 30 of December
2020 were analysed.
Out of 142 articles, 40 papers were analyzed, fifteen of them were research articles, four a systematic review,
and 21 were a literature review. The analysis confirmed the occurrence of mood disorder, PTSD, a decrease of
cognitive functions, quality of life and life independence in the group of COVID-19 survivors. The results are
confirmed both in comparative and cohort studies. Age, psychiatric treatment history, life independence and
treatment in the ICU should be perceived as risk factors of worsening mental disorders, deterioration of cognitive
functions and loss of life independence because of COVID-19. Those consequences are based on physiological,
psychological and social pathomechanisms.
Physical and mental problems should be expected in a group of COVID-19 survivors. It requires taking preventive
actions during the patient’s stay in an infectious disease hospital and creating multi-specialist therapeutic
programs. There is a need for future randomized screening and comparison studies in this issue.

Get Citation

Keywords

COVID-19, mental disorders, psychological distress, epidemic

About this article
Title

Are the COVID-19 survivors future patients of psychiatrists and psychologists? A rapid literature review

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 18, No 2 (2021)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

140-151

Published online

2021-04-01

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.2021.0013

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2021;18(2):140-151.

Keywords

COVID-19
mental disorders
psychological distress
epidemic

Authors

Marta Makara-Studzińska
Maciej Załuski
Jakub Lickiewicz

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