Vol 18, No 2 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-12-28
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Use of psychoactive substances and level of personal resources among men with depression: a pilot study

Aleksandra Joanna Kielan, Mariusz Jaworski, Anna Mosiołek, Łukasz Święcicki, Bożena Walewska-Zielecka
DOI: 10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0052
·
Psychiatria 2021;18(2):79-87.

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Vol 18, No 2 (2021)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2020-12-28

Abstract

Introduction: Many of the symptoms of depression in men can be placed in the category of other mental health
problems, such as substance abuse. Personal resources are important factors that can have a positive impact
on the treatment of people affected by depression. The aim of the study was to analyze the use of alcohol and
nicotine and the level of personal resources among men diagnosed with depression.

Material and methods: The test group consisted of 40 men diagnosed with depressive disorders (F31 — in the
phase of depression, F32 and F33) treated in the 2nd Department of Psychiatry of the Institute of Psychiatry and
Neurology and 40 men from the control group. The study used: AUDIT Test, Fagerstrom Test, Emotion Control
Scale, Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale and Life Satisfaction Scale. To ensure reliability that in the control group
are only men without depression, an additional test for this group was added — Gotland Male Depression Scale
(to exclude men with symptoms of depression in further analysis) and test with sociodemographic variables.

Results: The level of nicotine and alcohol addiction did not differ significantly between the study group and the
control group. The groups differed in the context of self-efficacy (p = 0.006) and the level of life satisfaction
(p = 0.003). Men with depression assessed their mental health worse and had a lower sense of self-efficacy compared
to the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups in the control of emotions
and its components, and in the context of the assessment of physical health.

Conclusions: The frequency of abuse of psychoactive substances by men with depression is similar to that in
the control group. Men with depression are characterized by a lower sense of self-efficacy and life satisfaction.
Therefore, psychological help addressed to this group of patients should be based on strengthening self-esteem.

Abstract

Introduction: Many of the symptoms of depression in men can be placed in the category of other mental health
problems, such as substance abuse. Personal resources are important factors that can have a positive impact
on the treatment of people affected by depression. The aim of the study was to analyze the use of alcohol and
nicotine and the level of personal resources among men diagnosed with depression.

Material and methods: The test group consisted of 40 men diagnosed with depressive disorders (F31 — in the
phase of depression, F32 and F33) treated in the 2nd Department of Psychiatry of the Institute of Psychiatry and
Neurology and 40 men from the control group. The study used: AUDIT Test, Fagerstrom Test, Emotion Control
Scale, Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale and Life Satisfaction Scale. To ensure reliability that in the control group
are only men without depression, an additional test for this group was added — Gotland Male Depression Scale
(to exclude men with symptoms of depression in further analysis) and test with sociodemographic variables.

Results: The level of nicotine and alcohol addiction did not differ significantly between the study group and the
control group. The groups differed in the context of self-efficacy (p = 0.006) and the level of life satisfaction
(p = 0.003). Men with depression assessed their mental health worse and had a lower sense of self-efficacy compared
to the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups in the control of emotions
and its components, and in the context of the assessment of physical health.

Conclusions: The frequency of abuse of psychoactive substances by men with depression is similar to that in
the control group. Men with depression are characterized by a lower sense of self-efficacy and life satisfaction.
Therefore, psychological help addressed to this group of patients should be based on strengthening self-esteem.

Get Citation

Keywords

depressive disorder, substance-related disorders, self-efficacy, personal satisfaction, self-control

About this article
Title

Use of psychoactive substances and level of personal resources among men with depression: a pilot study

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 18, No 2 (2021)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

79-87

Published online

2020-12-28

DOI

10.5603/PSYCH.a2020.0052

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2021;18(2):79-87.

Keywords

depressive disorder
substance-related disorders
self-efficacy
personal satisfaction
self-control

Authors

Aleksandra Joanna Kielan
Mariusz Jaworski
Anna Mosiołek
Łukasz Święcicki
Bożena Walewska-Zielecka

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