open access

Vol 15, No 3 (2018)
Review paper
Published online: 2018-09-24
Get Citation

Executive functions and social functioning in schizophrenia

Anna Mosiołek, Aleksandra Mazurek
Psychiatria 2018;15(3):155-159.

open access

Vol 15, No 3 (2018)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane
Published online: 2018-09-24

Abstract

The perception of schizophrenia as a cognitive functioning disorder means that we should look at the treatment and
rehabilitation of patients in a completely different way. The executive functions are considered to be the most important
for global operations. Executive functions is a set of skills necessary to control and self-regulate behaviors. The following
structures are recognized as related to executive functions: the frontal cortex and especially the dorsolateral parts of
the prefrontal cortex, the prefrontal cortex and the front part of the cingulate cusp. The executive functions enable
planning, creating, maintaining, supervising, deliberate action and implementing the action plan.From this perspective, it
can be concluded that one of the roles of these functions is the initiation of targeted activity. Schizophrenia is associated
with impaired executive functions, however the degree to which executive functions are lowered in contrast to basic
cognitive processes is less pronounced. This brief review of the latest research was intended to explain the influence of
executive functions on social functioning in schizophrenia.

Abstract

The perception of schizophrenia as a cognitive functioning disorder means that we should look at the treatment and
rehabilitation of patients in a completely different way. The executive functions are considered to be the most important
for global operations. Executive functions is a set of skills necessary to control and self-regulate behaviors. The following
structures are recognized as related to executive functions: the frontal cortex and especially the dorsolateral parts of
the prefrontal cortex, the prefrontal cortex and the front part of the cingulate cusp. The executive functions enable
planning, creating, maintaining, supervising, deliberate action and implementing the action plan.From this perspective, it
can be concluded that one of the roles of these functions is the initiation of targeted activity. Schizophrenia is associated
with impaired executive functions, however the degree to which executive functions are lowered in contrast to basic
cognitive processes is less pronounced. This brief review of the latest research was intended to explain the influence of
executive functions on social functioning in schizophrenia.

Get Citation

Keywords

schizophrenia, executive functions, social functioning

About this article
Title

Executive functions and social functioning in schizophrenia

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 15, No 3 (2018)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

155-159

Published online

2018-09-24

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2018;15(3):155-159.

Keywords

schizophrenia
executive functions
social functioning

Authors

Anna Mosiołek
Aleksandra Mazurek

References (15)
  1. Mosiołek A, Gierus J. Funkcje poznawcze a radzenie sobie z problemami życia codziennego w schizofrenii. Psychiatria. 2016; 13.
  2. Mosiołek A. Schizofrenia jako choroba funkcjonowania poznawczego. Psychiatria. 2015; 12.
  3. Mosiołek A, Gierus J, Koweszko T, et al. Cognitive impairment in schizophrenia across age groups: a case-control study. BMC Psychiatry. 2016; 16: 37.
  4. Roca M, Manes F, Cetkovich M, et al. The relationship between executive functions and fluid intelligence in schizophrenia. Front Behav Neurosci. 2014; 8: 46.
  5. Iampietro M, Giovannetti T, Drabick DAG, et al. Empirically defined patterns of executive function deficits in schizophrenia and their relation to everyday functioning: a person-centered approach. Clin Neuropsychol. 2012; 26(7): 1166–1185.
  6. Savla GN, Twamley EW, Thompson WK, et al. Evaluation of specific executive functioning skills and the processes underlying executive control in schizophrenia. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011; 17(1): 14–23.
  7. Yang C, Zhang T, Li Z, et al. The relationship between facial emotion recognition and executive functions in first-episode patients with schizophrenia and their siblings. BMC Psychiatry. 2015; 15: 241.
  8. Guan F, Lin H, Chen G, et al. Evaluation of association of common variants in HTR1A and HTR5A with schizophrenia and executive function. Sci Rep. 2016; 6: 38048.
  9. Trapp W, Dotterweich S, Hintner L, et al. Speed and capacity of working memory and executive function in schizophrenia compared to unipolar depression. Schizophr Res Cogn. 2017; 10: 1–6.
  10. Sabhesan S, Parthasarathy S. Executive functions in schizophrenia. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 2005; 47(1): 21.
  11. Choudhury S, Khess CRJ, Bhattacharyya R, et al. Insight in schizophrenia and its association with executive functions. Indian J Psychol Med. 2009; 31(2): 71–76.
  12. Bosia M, Bechi M, Pirovano A, et al. COMT and 5-HT1A-receptor genotypes potentially affect executive functions improvement after cognitive remediation in schizophrenia. Health Psychol Behav Med. 2014; 2(1): 509–516.
  13. Meder J. Rehabilitacja. In: Bilikiewicz A, Pużyński S, Rybakowski J, Wciórka J. ed. Psychiatria, t. III. Urban & Partner, Wrocław 2003.
  14. Jaracz M, Cierpiałkowska L, Borkowska A. Zaburzenia pamięci operacyjnej i funkcji wykonawczych w okresie częściowej remisji objawów depresji w chorobach afektywnych. Psychiatria. 2008; 5(1): 23–29.
  15. Harvey KE, Galletly CA, Field C, et al. The effects of verbalisation on cognitive performance in schizophrenia: a pilot study using tasks from the Delis Kaplan Executive Function System. Neuropsychol Rehabil. 2009; 19(5): 733–741.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest Via Medica sp. z o.o. sp. komandytowa, ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl