open access

Vol 14, No 2 (2017)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
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Attitudes of psychiatrists to psychotherapy in Poland

Sławomir Murawiec, Agata Kudlik, Maciej Matuszczyk, Krystyna Sosnowska, Renata Moraczewska, Anna Król-Kuczkowska, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Jerzy Samochowiec
Psychiatria 2017;14(2):101-115.

open access

Vol 14, No 2 (2017)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to describe the psychiatrists’ knowledge about psychotherapy, their attitudes to psychotherapeutic treatment, evaluation of practical application of psychotherapy in clinical practice and behaviors as regards referral of patients to psychotherapy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire prepared for the current study was made available online in a closed portal addressed to physicians, with approximately 2,500 users registered as psychiatrists.

RESULTS: The study included 232 physicians (62% women; 38% men), aged 27–76 years (± 9.72), with clinical practice between six months and 51 years (± 9.78) working in hospital departments (52%), private centers (22%) and public outpatient clinics (25%). 74% of psychiatrists declared knowledge of more than two psychotherapeutic modalities, and 82% of respondents participated in psychotherapeutic courses or conferences, though 59% rarely. According to 69% of psychiatrists psychotherapy is effective method of treating both psychotic and non-psychotic disorders, and according to 27% only of non-psychotic disorders. More than 90% of the respondents consider psychotherapy to be an effective treatment for mental disorders. According to 66% of people, inclusion of psychotherapy in the treatment process is always beneficial for this process, and 26% of physicians think it is beneficial for the treatment of non-psychotic disorders. Most of the respondents (91%) consider psychotherapy a potentially independent method of treating mental disorders. 93% of physicians refers patients for psychotherapy without starting pharmacological treatment, but most physicians (60%) make this decision rarely. Psychiatrists declare that they recommend psychotherapy for over a third of patients — 39% to more than half of patients, and 34% to between one third and half of patients. Patients are referred to psychotherapy at the beginning of pharmacological treatment in half of cases or after symptomatic improvement (34%). Patients with diagnoses in following International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (tenth revision) chapters are most frequently referred to psychotherapy: F40-F48 — 31%, F60-F69 — 28% and F50-F59 — 19%, but rarely (2%) with diagnoses F20-F29. Behavioral cognitive therapy is indicated as being present in treatment standards by 70% of physicians, while lower rates refer to indications of its reliability, its scientific basis, and the referral of patients to this form of treatment. Psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic therapies were indicated more frequently in the standards if the responders were themselves authors of treatment guidelines. Physicians-psychotherapists more often participate in conferences dealing with psychotherapy. They also declare more positive opinions on the effectiveness of psychotherapy, adhere to the recommendations of psychotherapy in practice and declare higher frequency of referral of patients to therapy. They more often refer patients to therapy without initiating pharmacological treatment. Psychiatrists who did not work as therapists more often also indicated the inclusion of psychotherapy as neutral or detrimental to treatment outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: The presented results should be compared with the results of other studies conducted using another methodology in order to fully describe the psychiatrists’ knowledge and attitudes to psychotherapy, primarily in the context of behavior in clinical practice.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to describe the psychiatrists’ knowledge about psychotherapy, their attitudes to psychotherapeutic treatment, evaluation of practical application of psychotherapy in clinical practice and behaviors as regards referral of patients to psychotherapy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The questionnaire prepared for the current study was made available online in a closed portal addressed to physicians, with approximately 2,500 users registered as psychiatrists.

RESULTS: The study included 232 physicians (62% women; 38% men), aged 27–76 years (± 9.72), with clinical practice between six months and 51 years (± 9.78) working in hospital departments (52%), private centers (22%) and public outpatient clinics (25%). 74% of psychiatrists declared knowledge of more than two psychotherapeutic modalities, and 82% of respondents participated in psychotherapeutic courses or conferences, though 59% rarely. According to 69% of psychiatrists psychotherapy is effective method of treating both psychotic and non-psychotic disorders, and according to 27% only of non-psychotic disorders. More than 90% of the respondents consider psychotherapy to be an effective treatment for mental disorders. According to 66% of people, inclusion of psychotherapy in the treatment process is always beneficial for this process, and 26% of physicians think it is beneficial for the treatment of non-psychotic disorders. Most of the respondents (91%) consider psychotherapy a potentially independent method of treating mental disorders. 93% of physicians refers patients for psychotherapy without starting pharmacological treatment, but most physicians (60%) make this decision rarely. Psychiatrists declare that they recommend psychotherapy for over a third of patients — 39% to more than half of patients, and 34% to between one third and half of patients. Patients are referred to psychotherapy at the beginning of pharmacological treatment in half of cases or after symptomatic improvement (34%). Patients with diagnoses in following International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (tenth revision) chapters are most frequently referred to psychotherapy: F40-F48 — 31%, F60-F69 — 28% and F50-F59 — 19%, but rarely (2%) with diagnoses F20-F29. Behavioral cognitive therapy is indicated as being present in treatment standards by 70% of physicians, while lower rates refer to indications of its reliability, its scientific basis, and the referral of patients to this form of treatment. Psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic therapies were indicated more frequently in the standards if the responders were themselves authors of treatment guidelines. Physicians-psychotherapists more often participate in conferences dealing with psychotherapy. They also declare more positive opinions on the effectiveness of psychotherapy, adhere to the recommendations of psychotherapy in practice and declare higher frequency of referral of patients to therapy. They more often refer patients to therapy without initiating pharmacological treatment. Psychiatrists who did not work as therapists more often also indicated the inclusion of psychotherapy as neutral or detrimental to treatment outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: The presented results should be compared with the results of other studies conducted using another methodology in order to fully describe the psychiatrists’ knowledge and attitudes to psychotherapy, primarily in the context of behavior in clinical practice.

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Keywords

psychiatrists, psychotherapy, knowledge, attitudes, behavior

About this article
Title

Attitudes of psychiatrists to psychotherapy in Poland

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 14, No 2 (2017)

Pages

101-115

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2017;14(2):101-115.

Keywords

psychiatrists
psychotherapy
knowledge
attitudes
behavior

Authors

Sławomir Murawiec
Agata Kudlik
Maciej Matuszczyk
Krystyna Sosnowska
Renata Moraczewska
Anna Król-Kuczkowska
Przemysław Bieńkowski
Jerzy Samochowiec

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