open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2015)
Review paper
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Dimensional approach to personality disorders — personality in DSM-5 Abstract

Katarzyna Nowak
Psychiatria 2015;12(2):99-103.

open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2015)
Prace poglądowe - nadesłane

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to compare traditional, categorical approach to personality disorders with the new trend to apply the dimensional model of personality to clinical practice. According to the categorical approach, commonly used in diagnostic manuals, personality disorders are separate entities qualitatively different from mental health. It has been shown that such diagnosis is both problematic for clinicians and harmful to patients. On the other hand, in the dimensional approach the difference between disturbed and healthy personality is only quantitative. There is a great empirical support for the dimensional classification of personality disorders. This approach has recently been applied in the alternative diagnostic criteria of these disorders published in Section III of DSM-5. This concept combines the advantages of both categorical and dimensional classifications, reducing the limitations of the traditional approach. It is valuable, as its broader use can improve the well-being of patients and contribute to greater understanding of personality disorders. It has not been included in standard criteria in DSM-5 to preserve the continuity with current clinical practice. Hence, further research is highly encouraged.

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to compare traditional, categorical approach to personality disorders with the new trend to apply the dimensional model of personality to clinical practice. According to the categorical approach, commonly used in diagnostic manuals, personality disorders are separate entities qualitatively different from mental health. It has been shown that such diagnosis is both problematic for clinicians and harmful to patients. On the other hand, in the dimensional approach the difference between disturbed and healthy personality is only quantitative. There is a great empirical support for the dimensional classification of personality disorders. This approach has recently been applied in the alternative diagnostic criteria of these disorders published in Section III of DSM-5. This concept combines the advantages of both categorical and dimensional classifications, reducing the limitations of the traditional approach. It is valuable, as its broader use can improve the well-being of patients and contribute to greater understanding of personality disorders. It has not been included in standard criteria in DSM-5 to preserve the continuity with current clinical practice. Hence, further research is highly encouraged.

Get Citation

Keywords

DSM-5, personality disorders, dimensional model of personality, diagnosis of personality disorders

About this article
Title

Dimensional approach to personality disorders — personality in DSM-5 Abstract

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 12, No 2 (2015)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

99-103

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2015;12(2):99-103.

Keywords

DSM-5
personality disorders
dimensional model of personality
diagnosis of personality disorders

Authors

Katarzyna Nowak

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