open access

Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Research paper
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Posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth in youth — victims of road accidents

Nina Ogińska-Bulik
Psychiatria 2014;11(1):49-58.

open access

Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Occurrence of traumatic events results both negative (distress, PTSD) and positive (posttraumatic growth) outcomes. Growth and distress seem to be two separate independent — although interrelated dimensions of the traumatic events. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between PTSD symptoms and personal growth in a group of adolescent victims of road accidents. Moreover it was verified which symptoms of PTSD allow prediction growth after trauma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised of 58 adolescents (30 boys and 28 girls, aged 16–17 years, who were involved in road accidents threatening their health and life. The Impact of Events Scale — Revised (IES-R) and the Personal Growth Questionnaire (KOW-27- D/M) were used in the study.

RESULTS: All adolescents participating in the study experienced positive changes following trauma event; while only 19,4% of them in high degree. 45% of the study group also reveled the high level of PTSD symptoms. PTSD symptoms, especially intrusion, positively correlate with personal growth, first of all with appreciation of life. Intrusion appeared to be the predictor of personal growth.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study confirmed coexistence of negative and positive outcomes of experienced traumatic events. Revealed associations between PTSD symptoms and personal growth contribute to the better understanding mechanisms underlying of these experiences.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Occurrence of traumatic events results both negative (distress, PTSD) and positive (posttraumatic growth) outcomes. Growth and distress seem to be two separate independent — although interrelated dimensions of the traumatic events. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between PTSD symptoms and personal growth in a group of adolescent victims of road accidents. Moreover it was verified which symptoms of PTSD allow prediction growth after trauma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised of 58 adolescents (30 boys and 28 girls, aged 16–17 years, who were involved in road accidents threatening their health and life. The Impact of Events Scale — Revised (IES-R) and the Personal Growth Questionnaire (KOW-27- D/M) were used in the study.

RESULTS: All adolescents participating in the study experienced positive changes following trauma event; while only 19,4% of them in high degree. 45% of the study group also reveled the high level of PTSD symptoms. PTSD symptoms, especially intrusion, positively correlate with personal growth, first of all with appreciation of life. Intrusion appeared to be the predictor of personal growth.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study confirmed coexistence of negative and positive outcomes of experienced traumatic events. Revealed associations between PTSD symptoms and personal growth contribute to the better understanding mechanisms underlying of these experiences.

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Keywords

traumatic event, PTSD symptoms, personal growth, youth

About this article
Title

Posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth in youth — victims of road accidents

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 11, No 1 (2014)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

49-58

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2014;11(1):49-58.

Keywords

traumatic event
PTSD symptoms
personal growth
youth

Authors

Nina Ogińska-Bulik

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