open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2008)
Research paper
Published online: 2008-03-12
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Relation of recurrent depressive disorders with psychological gender and ways of managing stressful situations

Agnieszka Grygorczuk
Psychiatria 2008;5(1):13-22.

open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2008)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2008-03-12

Abstract


Introduction. The objective of this work was the analysis of relations of psychological gender and ways of managing stressful situations with occurrence of recurrent depressive disorder. Psychological gender has been defined according to Bem’s concept ways of managing stressful situations have been described based on Endler and Parker, while criteria of recurrent depressive disorder have been taken from International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, X Edition (ICD–10).
Material and methods. The research has been made on the group of 32 persons - 16 women of 32-67 years of age and 16 men of 24-57 years of age, who had been previously examined by a psychiatrist with recurrent depressive disorder diagnosed. All participants of the research were registered patients of Clinic of Psychiatry of Medical University of Białystok. The control group has been matched with the clinical group as per number of participants, gender, age and level of education. The research examination has been carried out with the use of following questionnaires: Inventory for Psychological Gender Evaluation (IPP) by Alicja Kuczyńska, Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) by Endler and Parker and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Present work has been based on the two following concepts:
1) There is a relation between occurrence of recurrent depressive disorders and psychological gender.
a) Individuals with recurrent depressive disorders reveal higher level of feminine features and lower level of masculine features in comparison with individuals of the control group.
b) The group of individuals with recurrent depressive disorders consists mainly of feminine type and sexually indefinite persons, while androgynous persons occur in smallest number in comparison with individuals of the control group.
2) There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorder and the style of managing stressful situations. Persons featuring recurrent depressive disorders prefer the style focused on emotions.
Results. The study has shown that patients with recurrent depressive disorder prefer the style focused on emotions. The research confirmed also existing relations between mentioned above disease and psychological gender. Individuals belonging to the clinical group obtained results located lower on the scale of masculinity in comparison with the control group, while such differences have not been reported for the scale of femininity. None of the persons with depression had the masculine type of psychological gender and lower percentage of individuals of androgynous type of gender in comparison with the control group, the prevailing percentage of this group being individuals of feminine and indefinite type.
Conclusions. There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorder and the style of managing stressful situations. There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorders and psychological gender. There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorders and intensity of masculinity.
Psychiatry 2008; 5: 13-22

Abstract


Introduction. The objective of this work was the analysis of relations of psychological gender and ways of managing stressful situations with occurrence of recurrent depressive disorder. Psychological gender has been defined according to Bem’s concept ways of managing stressful situations have been described based on Endler and Parker, while criteria of recurrent depressive disorder have been taken from International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, X Edition (ICD–10).
Material and methods. The research has been made on the group of 32 persons - 16 women of 32-67 years of age and 16 men of 24-57 years of age, who had been previously examined by a psychiatrist with recurrent depressive disorder diagnosed. All participants of the research were registered patients of Clinic of Psychiatry of Medical University of Białystok. The control group has been matched with the clinical group as per number of participants, gender, age and level of education. The research examination has been carried out with the use of following questionnaires: Inventory for Psychological Gender Evaluation (IPP) by Alicja Kuczyńska, Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) by Endler and Parker and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Present work has been based on the two following concepts:
1) There is a relation between occurrence of recurrent depressive disorders and psychological gender.
a) Individuals with recurrent depressive disorders reveal higher level of feminine features and lower level of masculine features in comparison with individuals of the control group.
b) The group of individuals with recurrent depressive disorders consists mainly of feminine type and sexually indefinite persons, while androgynous persons occur in smallest number in comparison with individuals of the control group.
2) There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorder and the style of managing stressful situations. Persons featuring recurrent depressive disorders prefer the style focused on emotions.
Results. The study has shown that patients with recurrent depressive disorder prefer the style focused on emotions. The research confirmed also existing relations between mentioned above disease and psychological gender. Individuals belonging to the clinical group obtained results located lower on the scale of masculinity in comparison with the control group, while such differences have not been reported for the scale of femininity. None of the persons with depression had the masculine type of psychological gender and lower percentage of individuals of androgynous type of gender in comparison with the control group, the prevailing percentage of this group being individuals of feminine and indefinite type.
Conclusions. There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorder and the style of managing stressful situations. There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorders and psychological gender. There is a relation between recurrent depressive disorders and intensity of masculinity.
Psychiatry 2008; 5: 13-22
Get Citation

Keywords

recurrent depressive disorders; psychological gender; managing stressful situations

About this article
Title

Relation of recurrent depressive disorders with psychological gender and ways of managing stressful situations

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 5, No 1 (2008)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

13-22

Published online

2008-03-12

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2008;5(1):13-22.

Keywords

recurrent depressive disorders
psychological gender
managing stressful situations

Authors

Agnieszka Grygorczuk

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