open access

Vol 9, No 1 (2012)
Research paper
Published online: 2012-05-28
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Consequences of experienced negative life events — posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and posttraumatic growth

Nina Ogińska-Bulik, Zygfryd Juczyński
Psychiatria 2012;9(1):1-10.

open access

Vol 9, No 1 (2012)
Prace oryginalne - nadesłane
Published online: 2012-05-28

Abstract

Introduction. People experience various negative life events, which may result both negative (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) and positive (posttraumatic growth [PTG]) outcomes. Growth and distress seem to be two separate independent dimensions of the traumatic events, so they may coexist. The purpose of the study was to assess what consequences occur people who experienced negative life event and to investigate the relationship between PTSD and PTG.
Materials and methods. The study group comprised of 63 cardiological patients, who experienced surgery of heart transplantation, implantation of by-pass or artificial heart valve. 58.7% were men, 41.3% women. The mean age was 51.2 (SD = 8.02). The Impact of Event Scale — Revised (IES-R) and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) were used in the study.
Results.
All persons participating in the study experienced positive changes following trauma event; 30% on a high level. However 52% of them also revealed PTSD symptoms, which positively correlate with better relations to others, increased appreciation of life and spiritual changes.
Conclusions. Revealed associations between PTSD and PTG contribute to the understanding the mechanisms of experiencing negative life events and indicate that PTG represents both coping effort coexisting with distress and outcome of coping success.

Abstract

Introduction. People experience various negative life events, which may result both negative (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) and positive (posttraumatic growth [PTG]) outcomes. Growth and distress seem to be two separate independent dimensions of the traumatic events, so they may coexist. The purpose of the study was to assess what consequences occur people who experienced negative life event and to investigate the relationship between PTSD and PTG.
Materials and methods. The study group comprised of 63 cardiological patients, who experienced surgery of heart transplantation, implantation of by-pass or artificial heart valve. 58.7% were men, 41.3% women. The mean age was 51.2 (SD = 8.02). The Impact of Event Scale — Revised (IES-R) and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) were used in the study.
Results.
All persons participating in the study experienced positive changes following trauma event; 30% on a high level. However 52% of them also revealed PTSD symptoms, which positively correlate with better relations to others, increased appreciation of life and spiritual changes.
Conclusions. Revealed associations between PTSD and PTG contribute to the understanding the mechanisms of experiencing negative life events and indicate that PTG represents both coping effort coexisting with distress and outcome of coping success.
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Keywords

negative life events; consequences; posttraumatic stress disorder; posttraumatic growth

About this article
Title

Consequences of experienced negative life events — posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and posttraumatic growth

Journal

Psychiatria (Psychiatry)

Issue

Vol 9, No 1 (2012)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

1-10

Published online

2012-05-28

Bibliographic record

Psychiatria 2012;9(1):1-10.

Keywords

negative life events
consequences
posttraumatic stress disorder
posttraumatic growth

Authors

Nina Ogińska-Bulik
Zygfryd Juczyński

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