open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2018)
Research paper
Published online: 2018-06-06
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Emotional control and social competence of nurses working in palliative care: a research report on workers from the Warmia and Mazury voivodeship

Karolina Maria Dąbrowska-Chołostiakow, Teresa Kocbach
Palliat Med Pract 2018;12(2):97-105.

open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2018)
Original articles
Published online: 2018-06-06

Abstract

Background. A patient in the terminal phase of cancer requires the care of a multidisciplinary team. The patient spends most of the time with a nurse, who in addition to minimizing physical ailments is often the trustee of the patient and their family. Therefore it is important to control the emotions arising in the course of nursing work and combine „hard” elementsie. substantive knowledge and skills with „ soft”, interpersonal elements. This is referred to in a Ministry of Science and Higher Education regulation from the 9th of May, 2012, addressing universities’ education standards for medical, dental, pharmaceutical, nursing and midwifery fields of study.

Material and Methods. The study was carried out in from July 2015 till April 2016 amongst a group of nurses from the Warmia-Mazury voivodeship working in 27 palliative care centers. We analyzed 112 research toolkits containing Scale of emotional control by M. Watson and S. Greer, Social competence questionnaire KKS-A by A. Matczak and a general data questionnaire.

Results. We found a negative association between levels of emotional control and social competence in general and in specific subscales. The respondents suppress anger, anxiety, and depression at a similar level. The highest level of suppression, with particular emphasis on fear, was recorded in stationary hospice workers. Less than a quarter of respondents achieved high results in level of social competence.

Conclusions. Increased suppression of emotions correlates with a declining level of social competence of nurses. Employees of house and stationary hospices differ in the level and method of emotional suppression. The subjects’ age has a significant effect on the efficiency of behavior in situations requiring assertiveness.

Abstract

Background. A patient in the terminal phase of cancer requires the care of a multidisciplinary team. The patient spends most of the time with a nurse, who in addition to minimizing physical ailments is often the trustee of the patient and their family. Therefore it is important to control the emotions arising in the course of nursing work and combine „hard” elementsie. substantive knowledge and skills with „ soft”, interpersonal elements. This is referred to in a Ministry of Science and Higher Education regulation from the 9th of May, 2012, addressing universities’ education standards for medical, dental, pharmaceutical, nursing and midwifery fields of study.

Material and Methods. The study was carried out in from July 2015 till April 2016 amongst a group of nurses from the Warmia-Mazury voivodeship working in 27 palliative care centers. We analyzed 112 research toolkits containing Scale of emotional control by M. Watson and S. Greer, Social competence questionnaire KKS-A by A. Matczak and a general data questionnaire.

Results. We found a negative association between levels of emotional control and social competence in general and in specific subscales. The respondents suppress anger, anxiety, and depression at a similar level. The highest level of suppression, with particular emphasis on fear, was recorded in stationary hospice workers. Less than a quarter of respondents achieved high results in level of social competence.

Conclusions. Increased suppression of emotions correlates with a declining level of social competence of nurses. Employees of house and stationary hospices differ in the level and method of emotional suppression. The subjects’ age has a significant effect on the efficiency of behavior in situations requiring assertiveness.

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Keywords

nurse, emotional control, social competence, hospice

About this article
Title

Emotional control and social competence of nurses working in palliative care: a research report on workers from the Warmia and Mazury voivodeship

Journal

Palliative Medicine in Practice

Issue

Vol 12, No 2 (2018)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

97-105

Published online

2018-06-06

Bibliographic record

Palliat Med Pract 2018;12(2):97-105.

Keywords

nurse
emotional control
social competence
hospice

Authors

Karolina Maria Dąbrowska-Chołostiakow
Teresa Kocbach

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