open access

Vol 17, No 5 (2021)
Research paper
Early publication date: 2021-10-25
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Perceived spouse unsupportive behaviors in women with breast cancer and their spouses

Akram Rezagholifam1, Hadi Hassankhani2, Kelly A. Powers3, Azad Rahmani1, Zohreh Saanat4, Neda Gilani5, Razieh Hassankhani6
DOI: 10.5603/OCP.2021.0029
·
Oncol Clin Pract 2021;17(5):212-221.
Affiliations
  1. School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  2. Emergency Medicine Research Team, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  3. School of Nursing, UNC Charlotte, College of Health and Human Services, University City Blvd., Charlotte, United States
  4. Department of Hematology and Oncology, Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  5. Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  6. Hamedan Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

open access

Vol 17, No 5 (2021)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Early publication date: 2021-10-25

Abstract

Introduction. Unsupportive responses from relatives, particularly spouses, play a significant role in the psychological adjustment of breast cancer patients and their spouses. Failure to meet the physical and psychological needs of breast cancer patients and their spouses can lead to anxiety, depression, and numerous marital problems. The aim of this study was designed to describe perceived spouse unsupportive behaviors in women with breast cancer and their spouses.

Material and methods. This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 220 women with breast cancer along with their husbands participated in this study through random sampling. In the present study, data collection was performed using a demographic information checklist and a questionnaire.

Results. The mean perceived women’s unsupportive behavior (20.73 ± 8.44) was higher than that of men’s (18.80 ± 5.83), which was statistically significant (p = 0.003). The mean score of perceived women’s unsupportive behavior in the categories of marital status, companion, place of residence, men’s and women’s occupation, and the type of residential house, and the mean score of perceived men’s unsupportive behavior in the category of current treatment were different.

Conclusions. Women perceive their spouses’ behaviors as less supportive than their spouses’ perceptions of women’s behavior, which highlights the need for husbands to be more attentive to the impact of their behavior on their wives. Furthermore, talking with each other about problems is the most imperative factor in perceiving support by couples; accordingly, it can be concluded that couples who are reluctant to talk to each other concerning the problem perceive less mutual support.

Abstract

Introduction. Unsupportive responses from relatives, particularly spouses, play a significant role in the psychological adjustment of breast cancer patients and their spouses. Failure to meet the physical and psychological needs of breast cancer patients and their spouses can lead to anxiety, depression, and numerous marital problems. The aim of this study was designed to describe perceived spouse unsupportive behaviors in women with breast cancer and their spouses.

Material and methods. This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 220 women with breast cancer along with their husbands participated in this study through random sampling. In the present study, data collection was performed using a demographic information checklist and a questionnaire.

Results. The mean perceived women’s unsupportive behavior (20.73 ± 8.44) was higher than that of men’s (18.80 ± 5.83), which was statistically significant (p = 0.003). The mean score of perceived women’s unsupportive behavior in the categories of marital status, companion, place of residence, men’s and women’s occupation, and the type of residential house, and the mean score of perceived men’s unsupportive behavior in the category of current treatment were different.

Conclusions. Women perceive their spouses’ behaviors as less supportive than their spouses’ perceptions of women’s behavior, which highlights the need for husbands to be more attentive to the impact of their behavior on their wives. Furthermore, talking with each other about problems is the most imperative factor in perceiving support by couples; accordingly, it can be concluded that couples who are reluctant to talk to each other concerning the problem perceive less mutual support.

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Keywords

unsupportive behavior; breast cancer; nursing; spouse

About this article
Title

Perceived spouse unsupportive behaviors in women with breast cancer and their spouses

Journal

Oncology in Clinical Practice

Issue

Vol 17, No 5 (2021)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

212-221

Early publication date

2021-10-25

DOI

10.5603/OCP.2021.0029

Bibliographic record

Oncol Clin Pract 2021;17(5):212-221.

Keywords

unsupportive behavior
breast cancer
nursing
spouse

Authors

Akram Rezagholifam
Hadi Hassankhani
Kelly A. Powers
Azad Rahmani
Zohreh Saanat
Neda Gilani
Razieh Hassankhani

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