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Review paper
Published online: 2021-07-15
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Recent progress in the systemic treatment of colorectal cancer

Piotr J. Wysocki
DOI: 10.5603/OCP.2020.0044

open access

Ahead of print
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2021-07-15

Abstract

Over the last decade in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, a significant improvement of systemic treatment approaches has been observed in terms of safety and efficacy. Regarding safety, a huge, international IDEA trial proved that for CRC patients with pT1–3 and N1 features, a short, 3-month adjuvant treatment with CAPOX does not negatively impact long-term prognosis compared to standard, 6-month, oxaliplatin-based regi-mens. Additionally, the shortened adjuvant treatment significantly diminishes chronic neuropathy risk, representing a detrimental symptom in CRC survivors. On the other hand, in a palliative setting, a significant improvement in mCRC patients’ prognosis has been achieved with the advent of novel therapies targeting critical molecular disorders. The encorafenib and cetuximab combination in BRAF V600E mutated mCRC and checkpoint inhibitors in MSI-H mCRC patients are the most impressive examples of this continuous progress.

Abstract

Over the last decade in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, a significant improvement of systemic treatment approaches has been observed in terms of safety and efficacy. Regarding safety, a huge, international IDEA trial proved that for CRC patients with pT1–3 and N1 features, a short, 3-month adjuvant treatment with CAPOX does not negatively impact long-term prognosis compared to standard, 6-month, oxaliplatin-based regi-mens. Additionally, the shortened adjuvant treatment significantly diminishes chronic neuropathy risk, representing a detrimental symptom in CRC survivors. On the other hand, in a palliative setting, a significant improvement in mCRC patients’ prognosis has been achieved with the advent of novel therapies targeting critical molecular disorders. The encorafenib and cetuximab combination in BRAF V600E mutated mCRC and checkpoint inhibitors in MSI-H mCRC patients are the most impressive examples of this continuous progress.

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Keywords

colorectal cancer; metastases; cetuximab; encorafenib; pembrolizumab; immunotherapy; microsatellite instability; BRAF mutation; adjuvant treatment

About this article
Title

Recent progress in the systemic treatment of colorectal cancer

Journal

Oncology in Clinical Practice

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Review paper

Published online

2021-07-15

DOI

10.5603/OCP.2020.0044

Keywords

colorectal cancer
metastases
cetuximab
encorafenib
pembrolizumab
immunotherapy
microsatellite instability
BRAF mutation
adjuvant treatment

Authors

Piotr J. Wysocki

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