Vol 23, No 2 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-07-31

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The levels of oxidative and nitrosative stress in patients who had 99mTc-MIBI myocardial perfusion scintigraphy and 99mTc-DMSA, 99mTc-MAG-3 renal scintigraphy

Ebru Salmanoglu1, Ergul Belge Kurutas2
Pubmed: 33007096
Nucl. Med. Rev 2020;23(2):89-96.


BACKGROUND: Ionizing radiation is a strong stimulator of reactive oxygen specises (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). These reactive species may cause oxidative and nitrosative stress. In this study, we aimed to evaluate possible effects of 99mTechnetium (99mTc)-methoxyisobuthylisonitrite (MIBI), 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG-3) on oxidative and nitrosative stress biomarkers in patients who were performed myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) and renal scintigraphy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients (n = 29) who were referred to nuclear medicine department were chosen as the patient group. They were divided into three subgroups according to the type of disease and 99mTc labelled agent. The first patient group had MPS (n = 9). The second patient group had 99mTc-DMSA renal scintigraphy (n = 12). The third patient group had 99mTc-MAG-3 renal scintigraphy (n = 8). The blood samples were taken from first, second and third patient groups 1 h, 3 h, 45 min after injection of the agent, respectively. The samples were taken from healthy volunteers (n = 25) as a control group. Alterations in catalase (CAT),superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) levels as oxidative stress biomarkers and nitric oxide (NO) and 3-Nitrotyrosine (3-NTx) levels as nitrosative stress biomarkers in all blood samples were evaluated.

Results of MPS and renal scintigraphy performed patients were compared with control group separately. CAT, SOD, MDA and 3-NTx levels were higher in the first group than the control group (p < 0.05). Although NO levels were higher in the first group than the control group, it was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). CAT and SOD levels were lower in second and third groups than the control group (p < 0.0 5). However, MDA, NO, 3-NTx levels were higher in second and third groups than the control group (p < 0.05).

These results show that oxidative and nitrosative balance is impaired due to ionization radiation. These reactive species might stimulate an adaptive and protective cellular defense mechanism in irradiated cells soon after exposure to radiation. Thereby, this mechanism protect organism from the effects of low dose ionizing radiation.

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